Search For Your Ancestors

Jefferson County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Jefferson County, Arkansas Facts

When was Jefferson County, AR Created?
Jefferson County was established on November 2, 1829 and was formed from Arkansas County and Pulaski County.

What is the County Seat of Jefferson County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Pine Bluff and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Jefferson County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Pulaski CountyLonoke CountyArkansas CountyLincoln CountyCleveland CountyGrant County.

Jefferson County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Jefferson County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Jefferson County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Jefferson County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jefferson County BirthMarriageDivorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Jefferson Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.

Jefferson County, AR Census Records

What Jefferson County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Jefferson County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 183018401850186018701880 (free index)1890 (fragment)1900191019201930 and 1940.

Jefferson Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Jefferson Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You’ll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide

Jefferson County, AR Courthouse and Government Records

Jefferson County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Jefferson County Courthouse?

Researchers frequently overlook the great importance of Jefferson County court, probate, and land records data as a useful resource of ancestry and genealogy information. Buried away in Arkansas courthouses and archives everywhere are the ambitions and frustrations of countless Arkansas residents.

The possibilities are excellent that your forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a number of facets of their lives in the Jefferson County court records. Even if your forebears is not referred to in a Court case, contemplate all of the other procedures that could have lead to him or her to appear in court records. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide.

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 101 East Barraque Street, Pine Bluff 71601; 870-541-5360, unless otherwise noted.

  • Jefferson County Clerk of Circuit Court
    • Phone: (870) 541-5304
    • Court Records: 1830
    • Land Records: 1830
  • Jefferson County Clerk 
    • Phone: (870) 541-5322
    • Marriage Records: 1830
    • Probate Records: 1829
  • BLM Land Records

Jefferson County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Jefferson County, AR?
A list of Jefferson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Jefferson County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Jefferson County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Jefferson County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Jefferson Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jefferson Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Jefferson Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jefferson Co. AR General and History Websites

Jefferson Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jefferson Co. AR Military Records