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Jefferson County, Alabama
Genealogy, History & Facts

Jefferson County, Alabama Facts

When was Jefferson County, AL Created?
Jefferson County was created on Dec. 13 1819 it was formed from Blount County.

What is the County Seat of Jefferson County, AL?
The Jefferson County Seat was Carrollsville from 1819-21, at Elyton from 1821-73, and since 1873 has been at Birmingham, which was named for England’s iron and steel center in Warwickshire. In addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Jefferson County, AL?
Bordering Counties are Blount CountySt. Clair County (northeast and east), Shelby County (south and southeast), Bibb County (southwest (a very short boundary), Tuscaloosa County (west and southwest), Walkery County (northwest and north).

Jefferson County, AL Vital Records

Where can find Jefferson County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Jefferson County vital records can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health which has Birth And Death Records from 1908, Marriages from 1936 and Divorce Records from 1950. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Alabama for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jefferson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificates to mail.

Vital Records can also be found in the Jefferson County Health Department has Birth Records from (Partial)1871, 1882, Death records from (Partial)1871, 1882.

Jefferson County, AL Census Records

What Jefferson County, AL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Jefferson County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820183018401850186018701880 (free index)1890 (fragment)19001910192019301940.

Jefferson Co. Slave Schedules can be obtained for 1850 & 1860. Jefferson Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.

There are Alabama State censuses from 1820-1866. Also two Alabama Census of Confederate Soldiers for 1907 and 1921. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Alabama Census Records Research Guide

Jefferson County, AL Courthouse and Government Records

Jefferson County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Jefferson County Courthouse?
Researchers frequently overlook the great importance of Jefferson County court, probate, and land records data as a useful resource of ancestry and genealogy information. Buried away in Alabama courthouses and archives everywhere are the ambitions and frustrations of countless Alabama residents.

The possibilities are excellent that your forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a number of facets of their lives in the Jefferson County court records. Even if your forebears is not referred to in a Court case, contemplate all of the other procedures that could have lead to him or her to appear in court records. See Also Alabama Corthouse Records Research Guide.

Jefferson County, AL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Jefferson County, AL?
A list of Jefferson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Alabama Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Jefferson County, AL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Jefferson County, AL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Jefferson County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a fee. This is just a list that has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Jefferson Co. AL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jefferson Co. AL Cemeteries & Church Records

Jefferson Co. AL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jefferson Co. AL General and History Websites

Jefferson Co. AL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jefferson Co. AL Military Records