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Columbia County, Wisconsin
Genealogy, History & Facts

Columbia County, Wisconsin Facts

Columbia County

When was Columbia County, WI Created?
Columbia County was created on February 3, 1846 from Portage County. The county was named in honor of Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), navigator and explorer .

What is the County Seat of Columbia County, WI?
The County Seat is located in Portage and the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Columbia County, WI?
Bordering Counties are Marquette County (north), Green Lake County (northeast), Dodge County (east), Dane County (south), Sauk County (west), Juneau County (northwest), Adams County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Columbia County, WI?
Cities and towns located in the County include Cities which consist of Columbus, Lodi, Portage, Wisconsin Dells; Towns consist of Arlington, Caledonia, Columbus, Courtland, Dekorra, Fort Winnebago, Fountain Prairie, Hampden, Leeds, Lewiston, Lodi, Lowville, Marcellon, Newport, Otsego, Pacific, Randolph, Scott, Springvale, West Point, Wyocena; Villages consist of Arlington, Cambria, Doylestown, Fall River, Friesland, Pardeeville, Poynette, Randolph, Rio, Wyocena.

Columbia County, WI Vital Records

Where can find Columbia County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Columbia County vital records can be found at the Wisconsin Office of Vital Records has copies of Birth, Marriage, Divorce & Death Records reported since 1907. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Wisconsin for current fees and application process..

You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Wisconsin Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Columbia County, WI Census Records

What Columbia County, WI census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Columbia County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Columbia Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research.

There are Wisconsin State censuses from 1895 and 1905. Also the Wisconsin Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index for 1820-1890. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Wisconsin Census Records Research Guide

Columbia County, WI Courthouse and Government Records

Columbia County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Columbia County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Columbia County.The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

It has been estimated that less than 50 percent of the vital records, for example, were prepared and submitted for permanent filing prior to 1907. Land deeds, probate, and court records generally begin in Wisconsin with the organization of the county. Prior to that date, check the County or Counties it was created from. Some counties formed from other counties transcribed their portion of property deeds to be kept with the new county deed records. See Also Wisconsin Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Columbia County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 400 DeWitt Street, Portage, WI 53901; Phone: 608.742.2191
  • Columbia County Register of Deeds purpose is to provide official record keeping for Records or files land record documents authorized by law, such as deeds, mortgages, satisfactions, certified survey maps, plats and Federal Tax liens. Files and indexes Birth, Death and Marriage records, Military Discharges, and issues certified copies upon request.
    • Phone: 608-742-9677
    • Birth Records: 1860
    • Marriage Records: 1849
    • Death Records: 1877
    • Land Records: 1826
  • Columbia County Register in Probate Office has the responsibility to maintain and update files regarding probate of estates, guardianships, protective placements, adoptions and mental commitments. This is a statutory office with the position of Register in Probate filled by judicial appointment.
    • Phone: 608-742-9636
    • Probate Records: 1847 
  • Columbia County Clerk of Court Office is required to maintain a record of all documents filed with the courts, keep a record of all court proceedings, and collect various fines and forfeitures ordered by the court and specified by statute.
    • Phone: (608) 742-9642
    • Court Records: 1851
  • Public Records of the Consolidated Court Automation Programs provides access to certain public records of the circuit courts of Wisconsin
  • Wisconsin, Probate Estate Files, 1848-1935
  • U.S., Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats, 1785-1898
  • BLM Land Records

Columbia County, WI Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Columbia County, WI?
A list of Columbia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Wisconsin Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Columbia County, WI Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Columbia County, WI?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Columbia County. Many of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is just a listing which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Columbia Co. WI Books, Newspapers & Publications

Columbia Co. WI Church & Cemeteries

Columbia Co. WI Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Columbia Co. WI General and History Websites

Columbia Co. WI Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Columbia Co. WI Military Records

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