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Roane County, West Virginia

Roane County

Roane County was established on March 11, 1856 from Gilmer County, Jackson County and Kanawha County. The county was named in honor of Judge Spencer Roane (1762-1822), Virginia Supreme Court justice.

The County Seat is located in Spencer and the county government website is

Areas adjacent to Roane County are Wirt County (north), Calhoun County (east), Clay County (southeast), Kanawha County (south), Jackson County (west).

Cities and towns located in the county include Amma, Clio, Gandeeville, Harmony, Left Hand, Linden, Looneyville, Newton, Reedy, Spencer, Tariff, Uler, Walton

Roane County vital records can be found at the West Virginia Office of Vital Records which has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in West Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Roane County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for West Virginia Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Roane County consists of Federal Census Schedules to aid in researching your family tree. Federal government Population Schedules are present for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Roane Co. Mortality Schedules can be acquired for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Roane Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Roane Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. One can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to assist with your research.

Roane County Society and Family History Resources

A list of Roane County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Roane County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers often overlook the benefits of Roane County court, probate, and land records as a useful resource of ancestry and genealogy information and facts. Buried away in West Virginia courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the dreams and worries of many West Virginia residents.

The chances are excellent that your potential ancestors and forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a few factors of their lives in the Roane County court records. Even if your ancestors and forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into account all of the other procedures which often can have lead to him or her to appear in court records.

The below information denotes whatever death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and legal records can be found in Roane County. The years pointed out below could be the first known documents for this particular county. Both the courthouse built in 1856 and its replacement built in 1887 burned. Could not determine dates of fires. Not all records were destroyed. Many survived.

You need to contact the clerk's office to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars just before visiting or seeking information because of from time to time changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Many employees will aid men and women in locating the resources, but it is up to the man or women to carry out the researching.
  • Roane County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 200 Main Street, Spencer, WV 25276
  • Roane County Clerk has many duties which include some of the following: the issuance of marriage licenses, birth and death certificates, record births, marriages and deaths in the county, serve as the recorder of all documents, prepare and send to all heirs a Notice to Redeem and take care of publications, redemptions or recording deeds with regard to delinquent property, issue military service discharge records and probate wills and assist in administration of estates.
    • Phone: 304-927-2860
    • Birth / Death Records: 1856
    • Marriage Records: 1856
    • Land Records: 1856
    • Probate Records: 1856 
  • Roane County Clerk of Circuit Court has many responsibilities which include some of the following: Serve as the Clerk to the Circuit and Family Court, Issue mesne (during the progress of a case) process, Issue final process to enforce and execute judgements, Appoint guardian ad litem where required, Responsible for all papers filed in the office; serve as registrar, recorder and custodian for all pleadings, documents and funds pertaining to cases filed in circuit court and family court, Responsible for the administration and management of the petit and grand jury systems in the county.
    • Phone: 304-927-2750
    • Court Records: 1856 

Roane County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources related to Roane County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is basically a list which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to suggest your own preferred Roane County genealogy or family history related sites.

Until 1863 West Virginia was part of Virginia, See Virginia State Records for Info and links for years prior to 1863.

Roane Co. WV Books, Newspapers & Publications

Roane Co. WV Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Roane Co. WV Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Roane Co. WV Census Records

Roane Co. WV Church & Cemeteries

Roane Co. WV Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Roane Co. WV General and History Websites

Roane Co. WV Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Roane Co. WV Military Records

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