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Roane County, West Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Roane County, West Virginia Facts

Roane County

When was Roane County, WV Created?
Roane County was established on March 11, 1856 from Gilmer County, Jackson County and Kanawha County. The county was named in honor of Judge Spencer Roane (1762-1822), Virginia Supreme Court justice.

What is the County Seat of Roane County, WV?
The County Seat is located in Spencer and the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Roane County, WV?
Bordering Counties are Wirt County (north), Calhoun County (east), Clay County (southeast), Kanawha County (south), Jackson County (west).

What cities and towns are in Roane County, WV?
Cities and towns located in the County include Amma, Clio, Gandeeville, Harmony, Left Hand, Linden, Looneyville, Newton, Reedy, Spencer, Tariff, Uler, Walton

Roane County, WV Vital Records

Where can find Roane County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Roane County vital records can be found at the West Virginia Office of Vital Records which has copies of birth and death records from January 1917 to present; marriage records from 1921 to present and divorce records from 1968 to present. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in West Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Roane County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for West Virginia Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Roane County, WV Census Records

What Roane County, WV census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Roane County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Roane Co. Mortality Schedules can be acquired for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Roane Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Roane Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. One can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also West Virginia Census Records Research Guide

Roane County, WV Courthouse and Government Records

Roane County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Roane County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Roane County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. Until 1863 West Virginia was part of Virginia, See Virginia for Info and links for years prior to 1863. See Also West Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Roane County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 200 Main Street, Spencer, WV 25276
  • Roane County Clerk has many duties which include some of the following: the issuance of marriage licenses, birth and death certificates, record births, marriages and deaths in the county, serve as the recorder of all documents, prepare and send to all heirs a Notice to Redeem and take care of publications, redemptions or recording deeds with regard to delinquent property, issue military service discharge records and probate wills and assist in administration of estates.
    • Phone: 304-927-2860
    • Birth / Death Records: 1856
    • Marriage Records: 1856
    • Land Records: 1856
    • Probate Records: 1856 
  • Roane County Clerk of Circuit Court has many responsibilities which include some of the following: Serve as the Clerk to the Circuit and Family Court, Issue mesne (during the progress of a case) process, Issue final process to enforce and execute judgements, Appoint guardian ad litem where required, Responsible for all papers filed in the office; serve as registrar, recorder and custodian for all pleadings, documents and funds pertaining to cases filed in circuit court and family court, Responsible for the administration and management of the petit and grand jury systems in the county.
    • Phone: 304-927-2750
    • Court Records: 1856 

Roane County, WV Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Roane County, WV?
A list of Roane County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide West Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Roane County, WV Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Roane County, WV?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Roane County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is basically a list which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Roane Co. WV Books, Newspapers & Publications

Roane Co. WV Church & Cemeteries

Roane Co. WV Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Roane Co. WV General and History Websites

Roane Co. WV Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Roane Co. WV Military Records

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