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Mercer County, West Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Mercer County, West Virginia Facts

Mercer County

When was Mercer County, WV Created?
Mercer County was established on March 17, 1837 from Giles County and Tazewell County (Virginia). The county was named in honor of Brigadier General Hugh Mercer (1725-1877) and American Revolutionary War general.

What is the County Seat of Mercer County, WV?
The County Seat is located in Princeton and the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Mercer County, WV?
Bordering Counties are Raleigh County (north), Summers County (northeast), Giles County, Virginia (southeast), Bland County, Virginia (south), Tazewell County, Virginia (southwest), McDowell County (west), Wyoming County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Mercer County, WV?
Cities and towns located in the County include Athens, Beeson, Bluefield, Bluewell, Bramwell, Camp Creek, Coaldale, Dott, Duhring, Elgood, Flat Top, Freeman, Green Valley, Hiawatha, Kegley, Kellysville, Lashmeet, Lerona, Matoaka, McComas, Montcalm, Nemours, Oakvale, Princeton, Rock, Spanishburg, Wolfe

Mercer County, WV Vital Records

Where can find Mercer County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Mercer County vital records can be found at the West Virginia Office of Vital Records which has copies of birth and death records from January 1917 to present; marriage records from 1921 to present and divorce records from 1968 to present. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in West Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Mercer County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for West Virginia Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Mercer County, WV Census Records

What Mercer County, WV census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Mercer County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Mercer Co. Mortality Schedules can be acquired for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Mercer Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Mercer Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. One can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also West Virginia Census Records Research Guide

Mercer County, WV Courthouse and Government Records

Mercer County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Mercer County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Mercer County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. Until 1863 West Virginia was part of Virginia, See Virginia for Info and links for years prior to 1863. See Also West Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Mercer County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1501 West Main Street, Princeton, WV 24740
  • Mercer County Clerk has many duties which include some of the following: the issuance of marriage licenses, birth and death certificates, record births, marriages and deaths in the county, serve as the recorder of all documents, prepare and send to all heirs a Notice to Redeem and take care of publications, redemptions or recording deeds with regard to delinquent property, issue military service discharge records and probate wills and assist in administration of estates.
    • Phone: 304-487-8466
    • Birth / Death Records: 1853
    • Marriage Records: 1853
    • Land Records: 1837
    • Probate Records: 1837 
  • Mercer County Clerk of Circuit Court has many responsibilities which include some of the following: Serve as the Clerk to the Circuit and Family Court, Issue mesne (during the progress of a case) process, Issue final process to enforce and execute judgements, Appoint guardian ad litem where required, Responsible for all papers filed in the office; serve as registrar, recorder and custodian for all pleadings, documents and funds pertaining to cases filed in circuit court and family court, Responsible for the administration and management of the petit and grand jury systems in the county.
    • Phone: 304-487-8371
    • Court Records: 1837 

Mercer County, WV Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Mercer County, WV?
A list of Mercer County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide West Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Mercer County, WV Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Mercer County, WV?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Mercer County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is basically a list which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Mercer Co. WV Books, Newspapers & Publications

Mercer Co. WV Church & Cemeteries

Mercer Co. WV Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Mercer Co. WV General and History Websites

Mercer Co. WV Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Mercer Co. WV Military Records

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