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Washington County, Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Washington County, Virginia Facts

When was Washington County, VA Created?
Washington County was established on December 07, 1776 from Fincastle County (Part of Montgomery County was added in 1777). This county was named for George Washington, Revolutionary War commander, U.S. Founding Father, and future U.S. President .

What is the County Seat of Washington County, VA?
The County Seat is located in Abingdon also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Washington County, VA?
Bordering Counties are Smyth County (northeast), Grayson County (east-southeast), Johnson County, Tennessee (south/southeast), Sullivan County, Tennessee (southwest), Scott County (west), Russell County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Washington County, VA?
Cities and towns located in Washington County include Abingdon, Damascus, Emory-Meadow View and Glade Spring .

Washington County, VA Vital Records

Where can find Washington County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Washington County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Washington County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Washington Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

The Archives Division has copies of surviving birth and death records for the period 1853 to 1896 and marriage records prior to 1936. Another resource is the Washington County Health Department, 15068 Lee Highway, Suite 1000, Bristol, VA 24202; Phone: (276) 676-5604

Washington County, VA Census Records

What Washington County, VA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Washington County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Washington Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Virginia Census Records Research Guide

Washington County, VA Courthouse and Government Records

Washington County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Washington County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Washington County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide.

Washington County courthouse in Abingdon boast being the only new courthouse in Virginia built during reconstruction. It was completed in 1868. The previous courthouse was burned by Union soldiers in December 1864. Three earlier courthouses stood on this site. The first was constructed about 1800. The second was built in 1850 and burned during the war. The present Washington County courthouse was completed in 1868. It features four great Doric columns and a colaide to cornice and tower.

  • Washington County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: Courthouse, 189 East Main Street, Abingdon, VA 24210-2838
    • Phone: (276) 676-6224
    • Marriage Records: 1782 
    • Land Records: 1778
    • Court Records: 1777
    • Probate Records: 1777
  • Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800  
  • Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850
  • Using County and City Court Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes - County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.
  • Virginia County Records, Volume, VI, VII , IX, X - The records in these series were compiled as part of a series known as the Virginia County Records . The volume includes wills, land grants, and marriage bonds as well as other miscellaneous information on early Virginia settlers.
  • BLM Land Records

Washington County, VA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Washington County, VA?
A list of Washington County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Washington County, VA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Washington County, VA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Washington County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Washington Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Washington Co. VA Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Washington Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Washington Co. VA General and History Websites

Washington Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Washington Co. VA Military Records

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