Spotsylvania County, Virginia
Genealogy and Facts

Spotsylvania County was founded on December 17, 1720 from Essex County, King and Queen County and King William County. This county was named for Alexander Spotswood, colonial lieutenant governor of Virignia .

The Spotsylvania County Seat is located in Spotsylvania also, the county government website is www.spotsylvania.va.us/ .

Areas bordering to Spotsylvania County are Culpeper County (north), Stafford County (northeast), Caroline County (southeast), Hanover County (south), Louisa County (southwest), Orange County (west and northwest).

Cities and towns located in Spotsylvania County include Alsop, Arcadia, Artillery Ridge, Bells Crossroad, Belmont, Blades Corner, Brockroad, Brokenburg, Carters Store, Chancellor, Chancellorsville, Chewnings Corner, Cookstown, Dunavant, Five Mile Fork, Four Mile Fork, Granite Springs, Lanes Corner, Leavells, Lewiston, Margo, Marye, Massaponax, McHenry, Old Trap, Olivers Corner, Partlow, Paytes, Post Oak, Shady Grove Corner, Snell, Spotsylvania Courthouse, Stubbs, Thornburg and Todds Tavern .

Spotsylvania County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Spotsylvania County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Spotsylvania Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Spotsylvania County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Spotsylvania Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Spotsylvania Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Spotsylvania Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Spotsylvania County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Spotsylvania County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Spotsylvania County Courthouse and Government Records


Spotsylvania County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Spotsylvania County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Spotsylvania County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The County was formed in 1720 with the county seat at Germanna in 1722. Later the county seat was moved to Fredericksburg, 1732, to the "Old Court House", 1778, and finlally to its present location. The building was completed in 1840. A new, larger building with a similar design was constructed using the original Doric columns abd a wing was added on the southwest corner in 1964 for government offices.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.

The following information indicates what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and courtroom records are located in Spotsylvania County. The dates stated listed below could be the first known documents for this particular county.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Spotsylvania County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. Box 96, 9107 Judicial Center Lane, Spotsylvania, VA 22553-0096
    • Phone: (540) 507-7600
    • Marriage Records: 1795 
    • Land Records: 1720
    • Court Records: 1722
    • Probate Records: 1724
  • Spotsylvania County (VA) Treasurer
  • Spotsylvania County Commissioner of Revenue
  • Spotsylvania County Health Department, 9104 Courthouse Road, PO Box 126, Spotsylvania, VA 22553; 540-507-7400
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes (lva.virginia.gov) County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Spotsylvania County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Spotsylvania County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Spotsylvania County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Spotsylvania Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Spotsylvania Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Spotsylvania Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Spotsylvania Co. VA Census Records

Spotsylvania Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Spotsylvania Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Spotsylvania Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Spotsylvania Co. VA General and History Websites

Spotsylvania Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Spotsylvania Co. VA Military Records

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