Search For Your Ancestors in Historical Documents




Russell County, Virginia

Russell County was founded on January 06, 1786 from Washington County . This county was named for William Russell, frontiersman and state representative .

The Russell County Seat is located in Lebanon also, the county government website is .

Areas bordering to Russell County are Dickenson County (northwest), Buchanan County (north), Tazewell County (east), Smyth County (southeast), Washington County (south), Scott County (southwest), Wise County (west).

Cities and towns located in Russell County include Castlewood, Cleveland, Honaker, Lebanon and Dante .

Russell County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Russell County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Russell Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Russell County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Russell Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Russell Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Russell Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Russell County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Russell County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Russell County Courthouse and Government Records

Russell County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Russell County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Russell County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The old Russell County Courthouse was located at Dickensonville on Copper Creek. The courthouse was used 1799-1818, when a new county seat was designated.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Russell county.  The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. The first marriage register and all loose files were lost in a fire in the clerk's office in 1872.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Russell County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. Box 435, 53 East Main Street, Lebanon, VA 24266-0435
    • Phone: (276) 889-8023
    • Marriage Records: 1853 
    • Land Records: 1768
    • Court Records: 1803
    • Probate Records: 1786
  • Russell County District Headquarters, PO Box 2347, 75 Rogers St, Lebanon, Va 24266; 276-889-7621
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes ( County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Russell County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Russell County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Russell County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Russell Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Russell Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Russell Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Russell Co. VA Census Records

Russell Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Russell Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Russell Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Russell Co. VA General and History Websites

Russell Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Russell Co. VA Military Records

Copyright © 2014,