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Russell County, Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Russell County, Virginia Facts

When was Russell County, VA Created?
Russell County was established on January 06, 1786 from Washington County . This county was named for William Russell, frontiersman and state representative .

What is the County Seat of Russell County, VA?
The County Seat is located in Lebanon also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Russell County, VA?
Bordering Counties are Dickenson County (northwest), Buchanan County (north), Tazewell County (east), Smyth County (southeast), Washington County (south), Scott County (southwest), Wise County (west).

What cities and towns are in Russell County, VA?
Cities and towns located in Russell County include Castlewood, Cleveland, Honaker, Lebanon and Dante .

Russell County, VA Vital Records

Where can find Russell County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Russell County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Russell County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Russell Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

The Archives Division has copies of surviving birth and death records for the period 1853 to 1896 and marriage records prior to 1936. Another resource is the Russell County District Headquarters, PO Box 2347, 75 Rogers St, Lebanon, Va 24266; 276-889-7621

Russell County, VA Census Records

What Russell County, VA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Russell County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Russell Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Russell Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Russell Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Virginia Census Records Research Guide

Russell County, VA Courthouse and Government Records

Russell County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Russell County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Russell County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide.

The old Russell County Courthouse was located at Dickensonville on Copper Creek. The courthouse was used 1799-1818, when a new county seat was designated.

  • Russell County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. Box 435, 53 East Main Street, Lebanon, VA 24266-0435
    • Phone: (276) 889-8023
    • Marriage Records: 1853 
    • Land Records: 1768
    • Court Records: 1803
    • Probate Records: 1786
  • Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850
  • Using County and City Court Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes - County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.
  • Virginia County Records, Volume, VI, VII , IX, X - The records in these series were compiled as part of a series known as the Virginia County Records . The volume includes wills, land grants, and marriage bonds as well as other miscellaneous information on early Virginia settlers.
  • BLM Land Records

Russell County, VA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Russell County, VA?
A list of Russell County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Russell County, VA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Russell County, VA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Russell County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Russell Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Russell Co. VA Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Russell Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Russell Co. VA General and History Websites

Russell Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Russell Co. VA Military Records

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