Madison County, Virginia
Genealogy and Facts

Madison County was founded on December 05, 1792 from Culpeper County . This county was named for James Madison, Congressman from Virginia, principal author of the U.S. Constitution, and future U.S. President .

The Madison County Seat is located in Madison also, the county government website is www.madisonco.virginia.gov/ .

Areas bordering to Madison County are Page County (northwest), Rappahannock County (north), Culpeper County (east), Orange County (southeast), Greene County (southwest).

Cities and towns located in Madison County include Madison .

Madison County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Madison County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Madison Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Madison County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Madison Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Madison County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Madison County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Madison County Courthouse and Government Records


Madison County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Madison County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Madison County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

Madison County Court House: This brick structure was built in 1829-30, replacing a log building of 1793. The federal brick work has been declared some of the finest in America. It is also an historic landmark with a plaque describing the history behind the building

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.

The following information indicates what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and courtroom records are located in Madison County. The dates stated listed below could be the first known documents for this particular county.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Madison County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: 1 Main Street, P. O. Box 220, Madison, VA 22727-0220
    • Phone: (540) 948-6888
    • Marriage Records: 1793
    • Land Records: 1792
    • Court Records: 1793
    • Probate Records: 1793
  • Madison County Commissioner of Revenue
  • Madison County Treasurer
  • Madison County Health Department, 410 North Main Street, Madison, VA 22727; 540-948-5481
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes (lva.virginia.gov) County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Madison County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Madison County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Madison County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Madison Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Madison Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Madison Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Madison Co. VA Census Records

Madison Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Madison Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Madison Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Madison Co. VA General and History Websites

Madison Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Madison Co. VA Military Records

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