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Essex County, Virginia

Essex County was founded on  April 26, 1694 from Old Rappahhannock County . This county was named for Essex, United Kingdom.

The Essex County Seat is located in Tappahannock also, the county government website is .

Areas bordering to Essex County are Westmoreland County (north), Richmond County (northeast), Middlesex County (southeast), King and Queen County (south), Caroline County (west), King George County (northwest).

Cities and towns located in Essex County include Tappahannock.

Essex County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Essex County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Essex Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Essex County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Essex Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Essex Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Essex Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Essex County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Essex County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Essex County Courthouse and Government Records

Essex County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Essex County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Essex County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Essex county.  The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. Courthouse also has records from Old Rappahannock County.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Essex County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. Box 445, 305 Prince Street, Tappahannock, VA 22560
    • Phone: (804) 443-3541, (804) 443-4381
    • Marriage Records: 1804 
    • Land Records: 1692
    • Court Records: 1692
    • Probate Records: 1692
  • Essex County Health Department, 423 North Church Lane, P.O. Box 206, Tappahannock, VA 22560; 804-443-3396
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes ( County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Essex County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Essex County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Essex County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Essex Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Essex Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Essex Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Essex Co. VA Census Records

Essex Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Essex Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Essex Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Essex Co. VA General and History Websites

Essex Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Essex Co. VA Military Records

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