Caroline County, Virginia
Genealogy and Facts

Caroline County was founded on March 15, 1727 from Essex County, King and Queen County and King William County. (Additional parts of King and Queen County were added in 1742 and 1762) . This county was named for Caroline of Ansbach, wife of King George II of Great Britain.

The Caroline County Seat is located in Bowling Green also, the county government website is www.co.caroline.va.us/ .

Areas bordering to Caroline County are Stafford County (north), King George County (north), Hanover County (south), King William County (east), King and Queen County (east), Essex County (east), and Spotsylvania County (west).

Cities and towns located in Caroline County include Bowling Green and Port Royal.

Caroline County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Caroline County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Caroline Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Caroline County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Caroline Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Caroline Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Caroline Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Caroline County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Caroline County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Caroline County Courthouse and Government Records


Caroline County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Caroline County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Caroline County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Caroline county.  The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. Most records prior to 1836 were destroyed during the Civil War. Some deeds and wills are recorded in extant Chancery Papers, and a considerable number of order books and loose papers survive.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Caroline County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: Courthouse Lane and Main Street, P.O. Box 309, Bowling Green, VA. 22427
    • Phone: 804.633.5800
    • Marriage Records: 1787 
    • Land Records: 1728
    • Court Records: 1732
    • Probate Records: 1665
  • Caroline County Treasurer's Office
  • Caroline County Commissioner of the Revenue
  • Caroline County Health Department, 17202 Richmond Turnpike, Milford, VA 22514; Phone: 804-633-5465. mailing address: P.O. Box 6, Bowling Green, VA 22427
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes (lva.virginia.gov) County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Caroline County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Caroline County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Caroline County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Caroline Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Caroline Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Caroline Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Caroline Co. VA Census Records

Caroline Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Caroline Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Caroline Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Caroline Co. VA General and History Websites

Caroline Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Caroline Co. VA Military Records

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