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Buchanan County, Virginia

Buchanan County was founded on February 16, 1858 and was formed from Russell and Tazewell County . This county was named for James Buchanan, fifteenth U.S. President.

The Buchanan County Seat is located in Grundy also, the county government website is .

Areas bordering to Buchanan County are Mingo County, West Virginia (north-northeast), McDowell County, West Virginia (east), Tazewell County (southeast), Russell County (south), Dickenson County (southwest), Pike County, Kentucky (northwest).

Cities and towns located in Buchanan County include Grundy .

Buchanan County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Buchanan County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Buchanan Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Buchanan County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Buchanan Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Buchanan Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Buchanan Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Buchanan County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Buchanan County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Buchanan County Courthouse and Government Records

Buchanan County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Buchanan County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Buchanan County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Buchanan county.  The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. County court records were destroyed by fire in 1885; records created after that date suffered extreme damage in a flood in 1977. A few re-recorded deeds exist.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Buchanan County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. Box 929, Courthouse, Grundy, VA 24614
    • Phone: (276) 935-6567
    • Marriage Records: 1885 
    • Land Records: 1885
    • Court Records: 1885
    • Probate Records: 1880
  • Buchanan County Treasurer
  • Buchanan County Health Department, PO Box 618, 1051 Rosebud Rd, Grundy, Va 24614; Phone: 276-935-4591
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes ( County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Buchanan County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Buchanan County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Buchanan County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Buchanan Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Buchanan Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Buchanan Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Buchanan Co. VA Census Records

Buchanan Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Buchanan Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Buchanan Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Buchanan Co. VA General and History Websites

Buchanan Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Buchanan Co. VA Military Records

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