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Amelia County, Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Amelia County, Virginia Facts

When was Amelia County, VA Created?
Amelia County was established on September 30, 1734 and formed from Prince George County and Brunswick County. (in 1754, Prince Edward County was carved from Amelia, and later Amelia County was reduced when Nottoway County was separated in 1789) . This county was named for Princess Amelia Sophia, second daughter of George II of Great Britain.

What is the County Seat of Amelia County, VA?
The County Seat is located in Amelia Court House also, the county government website is www.ameliava.com/ .

What counties are adjacent to Amelia County, VA?
Bordering Counties are Powhatan County (north), Chesterfield County (northeast), Dinwiddie County (southeast), Nottoway County (south), Prince Edward County (southwest), Cumberland County (west).

What cities and towns are in Amelia County, VA?
Cities and towns located in Amelia County include Amelia Court House, Jetersville, Mannboro .


Amelia County, VA Vital Records

Where can find Amelia County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Amelia County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Amelia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Amelia Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

The Archives Division has copies of surviving birth and death records for the period 1853 to 1896 and marriage records prior to 1936. Another resource is the Amelia County Health Department, P.O. Box 392, 16320 Church Street, Amelia, VA 23002; Phone: (804) 561-2711, Fax: (804) 561-2712


Amelia County, VA Census Records

What Amelia County, VA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Amelia County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Amelia Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Amelia Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Amelia Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Virginia Census Records Research Guide


Amelia County, VA Courthouse and Government Records


Amelia County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Amelia County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Amelia County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide

Amelia County Courthouse is located on a large square. The open area just invites moments of contemplation on the history of the heroes and events commemorated in the local monuments. The court was moved several times before finally reaching its present location. The first Courthouse was located near Pridesville, but was destroyed by fire in 1766. Another location was chosen at Dennisville and in 1849, the Courthouse was moved to its current location. The Courthouse current building was constructed in 1924. 

  • Amelia County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. Box 237, Courthouse Square, Amelia, VA 23002-0237
    • Phone: (804) 561-2128
    • Marriage Records: 1735 
    • Land Records: 1734
    • Court Records:1734
    • Probate Records:1734
  • Using County and City Court Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes - County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.
  • Virginia County Records, Volume, VI, VII , IX, X - The records in these series were compiled as part of a series known as the Virginia County Records . The volume includes wills, land grants, and marriage bonds as well as other miscellaneous information on early Virginia settlers.
  • BLM Land Records

Amelia County, VA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Amelia County, VA?
A list of Amelia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Amelia County, VA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Amelia County, VA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Amelia County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Amelia Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Amelia Co. VA Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Amelia Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Amelia Co. VA General and History Websites

Amelia Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Amelia Co. VA Military Records

During the Revolutionary War, in 1781, Amelia was raided by British forces under General Tarleton. Eighty-four years later, the Amelia County records amazingly survived through the Civil War. According to legend, they were saved in April, 1865 because Federal General George Custer, of Little Big Horn fame, placed a guard over the Amelia County Clerk's Office with orders that all records be preserved. The last major battle of the Civil War was fought at what is now Sailor's (Sayler's) Creek Battlefield Historical State Park located on the western edge of Amelia County. In this battle alone, General Lee lost half his army during the three days of conflicts. The Confederate Army suffered a crippling defeat which led to General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox seventy-two hours later.

  • Virginia Revolutionary War Units (revolutionarywar101.com)
  • Virginia Military Records (Fold3.com) gives you easy access to military records, stories, photos, and personal documents belonging to the Virginia both women and men which served. Ideal for genealogists, researchers, historians and much more.
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