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Amelia County was founded on September 30, 1734 and formed from Prince George County and Brunswick County. (in 1754, Prince Edward County was carved from Amelia, and later Amelia County was reduced when Nottoway County was separated in 1789) . This county was named for Princess Amelia Sophia, second daughter of George II of Great Britain.
Areas bordering to Amelia County are Powhatan County (north), Chesterfield County (northeast), Dinwiddie County (southeast), Nottoway County (south), Prince Edward County (southwest), Cumberland County (west).
Cities and towns located in Amelia County include Amelia Court House, Jetersville, Mannboro .
Amelia County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.
You can search online for Amelia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Amelia Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.
Amelia County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Amelia Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Amelia Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Amelia Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.
A list of Amelia County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
Genealogist frequently forget the value of Amelia County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.
The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Amelia County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.
Amelia County Courthouse is located on a large square. The open area just invites moments of contemplation on the history of the heroes and events commemorated in the local monuments.
The court was moved several times before finally reaching its present location. The first Courthouse was located near Pridesville, but was destroyed by fire in 1766. Another location was chosen at Dennisville and in 1849, the Courthouse was moved to its current location. The Courthouse current building was constructed in 1924.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Amelia county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. Records fragmented.
The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Amelia County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Amelia County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.
During the Revolutionary War, in 1781, Amelia was raided by British forces under General Tarleton. Eighty-four years later, the Amelia County records amazingly survived through the Civil War. According to legend, they were saved in April, 1865 because Federal General George Custer, of Little Big Horn fame, placed a guard over the Amelia County Clerk's Office with orders that all records be preserved. The last major battle of the Civil War was fought at what is now Sailor's (Sayler's) Creek Battlefield Historical State Park located on the western edge of Amelia County. In this battle alone, General Lee lost half his army during the three days of conflicts. The Confederate Army suffered a crippling defeat which led to General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox seventy-two hours later.