Albemarle County, Virginia
Genealogy and Facts

Albemarle County was founded on October 16, 1744 and was formed from Goochland County. Parts of Louisa County were added in 1761 and 1838 . This county was named for the Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, colonial proprietary governor

The Albemarle County Seat is located in Charlottesville also, the county government website is www.albemarle.org/ .

Areas bordering to Albemarle County are Greene County (north), Orange County (northeast), Louisa County (east), Fluvanna County (southeast), Buckingham County (south), Nelson County (southwest), Augusta County (west), Rockingham County (northwest).

Cities and towns located in Albemarle County include Crozet, Keene, Scottsville and Earlysville .

Albemarle County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Albemarle County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Albemarle Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Albemarle County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Albemarle Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Albemarle Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Albemarle Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Albemarle County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Albemarle County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Albemarle County Courthouse and Government Records


Albemarle County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Albemarle County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Albemarle County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The county seat was moved from Scottsville to Charlottesville in 1762. Charlottesville is named for Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George III. The first portion of the courthouse was built 1763-1781 and added to in 1803 and 1860. In 1938 it was remolded and restored.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Albemarle county.  The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. All order books except the first and all loose papers were destroyed in Tarleton's raid on Charlottesville in 1781.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Albemarle County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: Albemarle County Courthouse, Court Square, 501 East Jefferson Street, Charlottesville, VA 22902-5110
    • Phone: (434) 972-4085, (434) 972-4083
    • Marriage Records: 1780 
    • Land Records:1744
    • Court Records:1744
    • Probate Records:1744
  • Albemarle County Assessor
  • Albemarle County Department of Finance
  • Charlottesville/Albemarle Health Department, (District Headquarters Office), 1138 Rose Hill Drive, PO Box 7546, Charlottesville, VA 22906; Phone Number: 434-972-6200
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes (lva.virginia.gov) County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Albemarle County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Albemarle County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Albemarle County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Albemarle Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Albemarle Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Albemarle Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Albemarle Co. VA Census Records

Albemarle Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Albemarle Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Albemarle Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Albemarle Co. VA General and History Websites

Albemarle Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Albemarle Co. VA Military Records

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