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Jefferson County, Texas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Jefferson County, Texas Facts

Jefferson County

When was Jefferson County, TX Created?
Allen County was created on March 17, 1836 as one of the original 23 counties (was created December 9, 1835 from Jasper County; established as a municipality by Mexico). This county was named for Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1801–1809).

What is the County Seat of Jefferson County, TX?
The County Seat is located in Beaumont also, the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Jefferson County, TX?
Bordering Counties are Hardin County (north), Orange County (northeast), Chambers County (southwest), Liberty County (northwest), Cameron Parish, Louisiana (east).

What cities and towns are in Jefferson County, TX?
Cities and towns located in the County include Bevil Oaks, Beaumont, China, Groves, Nederland, Nome, Port Neches, Port Arthur, Taylor Landing.

Jefferson County, TX Vital Records

Where can find Jefferson County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Jefferson County vital records can be found at the Texas Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from 1903. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Texas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jefferson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Texas Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage or Divorce Verification Application to mail.

Jefferson County, TX Census Records

What Jefferson County, TX census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Jefferson County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Jefferson Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860.

Another census resource is the Texas, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index from 1820-1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Texas Census Records Research Guide.

Jefferson County, TX Courthouse and Government Records

Jefferson County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Jefferson County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Jefferson County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Texas Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Jefferson County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 1151, Beaumont 77704
  • Jefferson County Clerk is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: (409) 835-8475
    • Birth & Death Records: 1903
    • Marriage Records: 1837
    • Land Records: 1836
    • Probate Records: 1838 
    • Court Records: 1844
  • Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910
  • Texas Land Title Abstracts
  • BLM Land Records

Jefferson County, TX Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Jefferson County, TX?
A list of Jefferson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Texas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Jefferson County, TX Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Jefferson County, TX?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Jefferson County.

Jefferson Co. TX Books,Newspapers & Publications

Jefferson Co. TX Cemeteries & Church Records

Jefferson Co. TX Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jefferson Co. TX General and History Websites

Jefferson Co. TX Immigration & Naturalization

Jefferson Co. TX Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jefferson Co. TX Military Records

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