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Washington County, Tennessee

Washington County, Tennessee Facts

When was Washington County, TN Created?

Washington County was founded on  November 15, 1777 from western territory known as the Washington District. This county was named in honor of U.S. President George Washington (1732–1799)

What is the County Seat of Washington County, TN?

The County Seat of government is located in Jonesborough also, the county government website is www.washingtoncountytn.org/ .

What counties are adjacent to Washington County, TN?

Bordering counties are Sullivan County (north), Carter County (east), Unicoi County (south), Greene County (west) and Hawkins County (northwest) .

What cities and towns are in Washington County, TN?

Cities and towns located in the county include Gray, Johnson City, Jonesborough, Midway, Oak Grove .

Washington County Courthouse and Government Records

What genealogical records can I find in the Washington County Courthouse?


Washington County Courthouse

The following information and facts indicates whatever birth, death, marriage, land, wills, and courtroom records will be in Washington County or in the Tennessee State Library & Archives. The dates indicated below could be the first widely known documents for this county. There was a fire at the Washington County courthouse in 1839.

Please get in touch with the clerk's office to affirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are accessible to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of workers will guide individuals in obtaining the resources, however it's up to the individual to complete the basic research.
  • Washington County Clerk maintains Marriage & Divorce records. It also has jurisdiction over probate cases. Wills, administrations, and all other records pertaining to probate are recorded in the respective county clerk's office. If the will or administration was contested, the records of these actions may be filed in the circuit court or chancery court.
    • Address: P.O. Box 218, 100 Main St., Jonesborough, TN 37659
    • Phone: (423) 753-1621
    • Marriage Records: 1787 
    • Probate Records: 1779
  • Washington County Register of Deeds has land records beginning with county organization, land records are available from the register of deeds at the Sevier county courthouse. Land and property records include transfer of real estate or personal property, mortgages, leases, surveys, and entries.
    • Address: P.O. Box 69, Jonesborough, TN 37659
    • Phone: (423) 753-1644
    • Land & Deed Records: 1782
  • Washington County Clerk of Circuit Court has jurisdiction over property disputes, and circuit courts oversee criminal cases, divorces, and adoptions. Early courts included courts of common pleas and quarter sessions.
    • Address: Washington County Justice Center 108 West Jackson Blvd., Suite 1210, Jonesborough, TN 37659
    • Phone: 423-753-1736
    • Chancery Court Minutes: 1836
    • Circuit Court Minutes: 1809
    • County  Court Minutes: 1778
  • Washington County Property Assessor is responsible for the evaluation of all real property, the cadastral mapping of the county, valuation of all business personal property and maintaining ownership records. The property assessor prepares the tax rolls for the trustee and all the municipalities. Tax lists can be used to locate families, document historic properties and study community history. Early tax lists generally include all white males over 21 and indicate whether they owned land or slaves.
    • Address: 110 E. Main St., Jonesborough, TN 37659
    • Phone: (423) 753-1672
    • Tax Records: 1778-1781, 1787, 1790-1853, 1856-1871, 1875-1900 (located at the Tennessee State Library and Archives)
    • Washington County Health Department, Washington County / Johnson City Health Center, 219 Princeton Road, Johnson City, TN 37601; (423) 975-2200 , issues birth certificates and death certificates (deaths which occurred in that county within the past three years, and a few county health departments keep death records for longer periods of time).

Where can find Washington County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?

Washington County vital records can be found at the Tennessee Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has copies for copies of birth certificates, marriage licenses and divorce decrees. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Tennessee for current fees and application process.

Marriage license records are available from the county clerk who issued the marriage license. Court divorce orders may be obtained from the clerk of the court that granted the divorce.

You can search online for Washington County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Tennessee Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificates to mail.

What Washington County, TN census records are available?

Federal Population Schedules for Washington County can be found for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Washington Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Washington County, TN?

  • Emmanuel School of Religion, Restoration Movement Archives, One Walker Drive, Johnson City, TN 37601 423-926-6198
  • Jonesborough-Washington County History Museum, (Heritage Alliance), 117 Boone Street, Jonesborough, TN 37659 423-753-1015
  • Tipton-Haynes Historical Site, 2620 South Roan Street, PO Box 225, Johnson City, TN 37605 423-926-3631

Washington County Genealogy Resources

Where can I connect with other Washington County, TN Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Washington County, TN?

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Washington County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a payment. This is merely a collection which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to suggest your own most popular Washington County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Washington Co. TN Books, Newspapers & Publications

Washington Co. TN Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Washington Co. TN Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Washington Co. TN Census Records

Washington Co. TN Cemeteries & Church Records

Washington Co. TN Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Washington Co. TN General and History Websites

Washington Co. TN Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Washington Co. TN Military Records

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