Lancaster County, South Carolina

Lancaster County

Lancaster County was established on 1798 from Camden District. The county was named for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

The Lancaster County Seat is situated in Lancaster plus the county government website is mylancastersc.org/

Areas adjacent to Lancaster County are Union County, North Carolina (north), Chesterfield County (east), Kershaw County (south), Fairfield County (southwest), York County (west), Chester County (west), Mecklenburg County, North Carolina (northwest).

Cities and towns to be found in Lancaster county include Buford, Elgin, Heath Springs, Indian Land, Irwin, Kershaw, Lancaster Mill, Lancaster, Springdale, Taxahaw, Van Wyck.

Lancaster County vital records can be found at the South Carolina Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in South Carolina for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Lancaster County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for South Carolina Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Lancaster County does have Federal Census Schedules to aid in finding out about your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Lancaster Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Lancaster Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. One can find free downloadable not to mention printable census forms to help you with your research.

Lancaster County Society and Family History Resources

A list of Lancaster County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Lancaster County Courthouse and Government Records


Lancaster County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently fail to notice the significance of Lancaster County court, probate, and land records data as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Buried away in South Carolina courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the desires and worries of the many South Carolina men and women.


Old Lancaster County Courthouse

The chances are very good that your particular ancestors have left a detailed document of at least several aspects of their lives in the Lancaster County court records. Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The below details shows what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and legal records are typically in Lancaster county. The dates suggested below are the first recognized records data with this county. Although marauding federal soldiers attempted to fire the courthouse, many records were saved; loose equity papers, however, seem to have perished. Moreover, most of Lancaster's probate records were destroyed when Union cavalry intercepted in open country local officials who were attempting to remove the records to safety. Some Camden Circuit Court District conveyance records are included.

I highly recommend you call the clerk's office to affirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics just before visiting or seeking information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are accessible to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of employees will aid persons in locating the resources, however it is up to the particular person to complete the basic research.
  • Lancaster County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 104 N. Main St., Lancaster, SC 29721
  • Lancaster County Register of Deeds  records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
    • Address: 101 North Main Street, Lancaster, SC 29720
    • Phone: 803-416-9440
    • Land Records: 1762
  • Lancaster County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
    • Address: 101 North Main St., Room 121, Lancaster, SC 29720
    • Phone: 803-283-3379
    • Marriage Records: 1911 
    • Probate Records: 1820
  • Lancaster County Clerk of Court is divided into General Sessions (Criminal) and Common Pleas (Civil) Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record. The Clerk of Court is also responsible for Family Court which handles juvenile and domestic cases.
    • Address: 3888 Chester Highway, Lancaster, SC 29720
    • Phone: 803-285-1581
    • Court Records: 1800
    • Divorce Records:since April 1949
  • Lancaster County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).
  • Lancaster County Health Department has birth and death records from January 01, 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.
    • Address: 1833 Pageland Hwy., Box 817, Lancaster, SC 29721
    • Phone: (803) 286-9948
    • Birth Records / Death Records: 1915 (There were no South Carolina birth or Death "certificates" before January 01, 1915)

Lancaster County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources related to Lancaster County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to furnish your own most liked Lancaster County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Lancaster Co. SC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Lancaster Co. SC Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Lancaster Co. SC Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Lancaster Co. SC Census Records

Lancaster Co. SC Cemeteries & Graveyards

Lancaster Co. SC Church & Bible Records

Lancaster Co. SC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Lancaster Co. SC General and History Websites

Lancaster Co. SC Immigration & Naturalization

Lancaster Co. SC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Lancaster Co. SC Military Records

Lancaster Co. SC Schools & Directories

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