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Lancaster County,
South Carolina History & Facts

Lancaster County, South Carolina Facts

Lancaster County

When was Lancaster County, SC Created?
Lancaster County was established on 1798 from Camden District. The county was named for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

What is the County Seat of Lancaster County, SC?
The County Seat of government is situated in Lancaster plus the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Lancaster County, SC?
Bordering counties are Union County, North Carolina (north), Chesterfield County (east), Kershaw County (south), Fairfield County (southwest), York County (west), Chester County (west), Mecklenburg County, North Carolina (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Lancaster County, SC?
Cities and towns located in the county include Buford, Elgin, Heath Springs, Indian Land, Irwin, Kershaw, Lancaster Mill, Lancaster, Springdale, Taxahaw, Van Wyck.

Lancaster County, SC Vital Records

Where can find Lancaster County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Lancaster County vital records can be found at the South Carolina Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in South Carolina for current fees and application process.

Lancaster County Health Department has birth and death records from January 01, 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office. There were no South Carolina birth or Death "certificates" before January 01, 1915

You can search online for Lancaster County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for South Carolina Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Lancaster County, SC Census Records

What Lancaster County, SC census records are available?
County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules to aid in finding out about your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Lancaster Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Lancaster Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. One can find free downloadable not to mention printable census forms to help you with your research.

Lancaster County, SC Courthouse and Government Records

Lancaster County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Lancaster County Courthouse?
The below details shows what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and legal records are typically in Lancaster county. The dates suggested below are the first recognized records data with this county. Although marauding federal soldiers attempted to fire the courthouse, many records were saved; loose equity papers, however, seem to have perished. Moreover, most of Lancaster's probate records were destroyed when Union cavalry intercepted in open country local officials who were attempting to remove the records to safety. Some Camden Circuit Court District conveyance records are included.

Old Lancaster County Courthouse
  • Lancaster County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 104 N. Main St., Lancaster, SC 29721
  • Lancaster County Register of Deeds  records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
    • Address: 101 North Main Street, Lancaster, SC 29720
    • Phone: 803-416-9440
    • Land Records: 1762
  • Lancaster County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
    • Address: 101 North Main St., Room 121, Lancaster, SC 29720
    • Phone: 803-283-3379
    • Marriage Records: 1911 
    • Probate Records: 1820
  • Lancaster County Clerk of Court is divided into General Sessions (Criminal) and Common Pleas (Civil) Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record. The Clerk of Court is also responsible for Family Court which handles juvenile and domestic cases.
    • Address: 3888 Chester Highway, Lancaster, SC 29720
    • Phone: 803-285-1581
    • Court Records: 1800
    • Divorce Records:since April 1949
  • Lancaster County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).

Lancaster County, SC Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Lancaster County, SC?
A list of Lancaster County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives.

Where can I connect with other Lancaster County, SC Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Lancaster County, SC?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources related to Lancaster County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Lancaster Co. SC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Lancaster Co. SC Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Lancaster Co. SC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Lancaster Co. SC General and History Websites

Lancaster Co. SC Immigration & Naturalization

Lancaster Co. SC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Lancaster Co. SC Military Records

Lancaster Co. SC Schools & Directories

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