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Fairfield County,
South Carolina History & Facts

Fairfield County, South Carolina Facts

Fairfield County

When was Fairfield County, SC Created?
Fairfield County was established on 1785 from part of the Camden District. The county was named for the county's fair fields, as described by colonial governor Charles Cornwallis.

What is the County Seat of Fairfield County, SC?
The County Seat of government is situated in Winnsboro plus the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Fairfield County, SC?
Bordering counties are Chester County (north), Lancaster County (northeast), Union County (northwest), Kershaw County (east), Richland County (south), Newberry County (west).

What cities and towns are in Fairfield County, SC?
Cities and towns located in the county include Jenkinsville, Ridgeway, Winnsboro.

Fairfield County, SC Vital Records

Where can find Fairfield County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Fairfield County vital records can be found at the South Carolina Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in South Carolina for current fees and application process.

Fairfield County Health Department has birth and death records from January 01, 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office. There were no South Carolina birth or Death "certificates" before January 01, 1915

You can search online for Fairfield County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for South Carolina Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Fairfield County, SC Census Records

What Fairfield County, SC census records are available?
County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules to aid in finding out about your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Fairfield Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Fairfield Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fairfield Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fairfield Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. One can find free downloadable not to mention printable census forms to help you with your research.

Fairfield County, SC Courthouse and Government Records

Fairfield County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Fairfield County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Fairfield County. The dates suggested below are the first recognized records data with this county.

  • Fairfield County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 101 South Congress Street, Winnsboro, SC 29180
  • Fairfield County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
    • Phone: 803-712-6519
    • Marriage Records: 1911 
    • Probate Records: 1787
  • Fairfield County Clerk of Court / Register of Deeds is divided into General Sessions (Criminal) and Common Pleas (Civil) Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record. The Clerk of Court is also responsible for Family Court which handles juvenile and domestic cases. Also records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
    • Phone: 803-712-6526
    • Land Records: 1784
    • Court Records: 1785
    • Divorce Records:since April 1949
  • Fairfield County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).

Fairfield County, SC Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Fairfield County, SC?
A list of Fairfield County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives.

Where can I connect with other Fairfield County, SC Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Fairfield County, SC?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources related to Fairfield County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Fairfield Co. SC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Fairfield Co. SC Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Fairfield Co. SC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Fairfield Co. SC General and History Websites

Fairfield Co. SC Immigration & Naturalization

Fairfield Co. SC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Fairfield Co. SC Military Records

Fairfield Co. SC Schools & Directories

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