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Chesterfield County,
South Carolina History & Facts

Chesterfield County, South Carolina Facts

Chesterfield County

When was Chesterfield County, SC Created?
Chesterfield County was established on 1798 from Cheraws District (was originally formed in 1785, but was part of the Cheraws District until 1800). The county was named in honor of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, an Enlightenment-era scholar, government official, and member of the British House of Lords.

What is the County Seat of Chesterfield County, SC?
The County Seat of government is situated in Chesterfield plus the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Chesterfield County, SC?
Bordering counties are Anson County, NC (north), Richmond County, NC (northeast), Marlboro County (east), Darlington County (southeast), Kershaw County (southwest), Lancaster County (west), Union County, NC (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Chesterfield County, SC?
Cities and towns located in the county include Cheraw, Chesterfield, Jefferson, McBee, Mount Croghan, Pageland, Patrick, Ruby.

Chesterfield County, SC Vital Records

Where can find Chesterfield County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Chesterfield County vital records can be found at the South Carolina Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in South Carolina for current fees and application process.

Chesterfield County Health Department has birth and death records from January 01, 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office. There were no South Carolina birth or Death "certificates" before January 01, 1915

You can search online for Chesterfield County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for South Carolina Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Chesterfield County, SC Census Records

What Chesterfield County, SC census records are available?
County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules to aid in finding out about your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Chesterfield Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Chesterfield Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Chesterfield Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Chesterfield Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. One can find free downloadable not to mention printable census forms to help you with your research.

Chesterfield County, SC Courthouse and Government Records

Chesterfield County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Chesterfield County Courthouse?
The below details shows what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and legal records are typically in Chesterfield county. The dates suggested below are the first recognized records data with this county. During the Civil War, Chesterfield's courthouse records were evacuated to Columbia, South Carolina where they were destroyed by fire during Sherman's Union army occupation of that city in February 1865. Deed books have suffered heavy losses.

Old Chesterfield County Courthouse
  • Chesterfield County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 200 West Main Street, Chesterfield, SC 29709
  • Chesterfield County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
    • Phone: 843-623-2376
    • Marriage Records: 1911
    • Probate Records: 1865
  • Chesterfield County Clerk of Court / Register of Deeds is divided into General Sessions (Criminal) and Common Pleas (Civil) Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record. The Clerk of Court is also responsible for Family Court which handles juvenile and domestic cases. Also records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
    • Phone: 843-623-2574
    • Land Records: 1861
    • Court Records: 1823
    • Divorce Records:since April 1949
  • Chesterfield County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).

Chesterfield County, SC Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Chesterfield County, SC?
A list of Chesterfield County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives.

Where can I connect with other Chesterfield County, SC Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Chesterfield County, SC?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources related to Chesterfield County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Chesterfield Co. SC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Chesterfield Co. SC Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Chesterfield Co. SC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Chesterfield Co. SC General and History Websites

Chesterfield Co. SC Immigration & Naturalization

Chesterfield Co. SC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Chesterfield Co. SC Military Records

Chesterfield Co. SC Schools & Directories

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