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Barnwell County,
South Carolina History & Facts

Barnwell County, South Carolina Facts

Barnwell County

When was Barnwell County, SC Created?
Barnwell County was established on 1785 from Orangeburg District (was originally called Winston County, renamed in 1798 to Barnwell). The county was named in honor of John Barnwell, South Carolina State Senator and prisoner of war during the American Revolution.

What is the County Seat of Barnwell County, SC?
The County Seat of government is situated in Barnwell plus the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Barnwell County, SC?
Bordering counties are Aiken County (north), Bamberg County (east), Orangeburg County (east), Allendale County (southeast), Burke County, Georgia (southwest).

What cities and towns are in Barnwell County, SC?
Cities and towns located in the county include Barnwell, Blackville, Elko, Hilda, Kline, Snelling, Williston

Barnwell County, SC Vital Records

Where can find Barnwell County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Barnwell County vital records can be found at the South Carolina Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in South Carolina for current fees and application process.

Barnwell County Health Department has birth and death records from January 01, 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office. There were no South Carolina birth or Death "certificates" before January 01, 1915

You can search online for Barnwell County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for South Carolina Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Barnwell County, SC Census Records

What Barnwell County, SC census records are available?
County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules to aid in finding out about your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Barnwell Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Barnwell Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Barnwell Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Barnwell Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. One can find free downloadable not to mention printable census forms to help you with your research.

Barnwell County, SC Courthouse and Government Records

Barnwell County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Barnwell County Courthouse?
The below details shows what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and legal records are typically in Barnwell County. The dates suggested below are the first recognized records data with this county. Records of Winton County (1785—91) in Orangeburgh Circuit Court District are housed in Barnwell County.

  • Barnwell County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 141 Main Street, Barnwell, SC 29812
  • Barnwell County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
    • Phone: (803) 541-1032 
    • Marriage Records: 1911
    • Probate Records: 1800
  • Barnwell County Clerk of Court is divided into General Sessions (Criminal) and Common Pleas (Civil) Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record. The Clerk of Court is also responsible for Family Court which handles juvenile and domestic cases. Also records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
    • Phone: (803) 541 -1020
    • Land Records: 1800
    • Court Records: 1800
    • Divorce Records:since April 1949
  • Barnwell County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).

In searching for genealogy records be sure to check the following counties as they were created from Barnwell County: Aiken County in 1871, Bamberg County in 1897 and Allendale County in 1919

Barnwell County, SC Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Barnwell County, SC?
A list of Barnwell County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives.

Where can I connect with other Barnwell County, SC Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Barnwell County, SC?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources related to Barnwell County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Barnwell Co. SC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Barnwell Co. SC Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Barnwell Co. SC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Barnwell Co. SC General and History Websites

Barnwell Co. SC Immigration & Naturalization

Barnwell Co. SC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Barnwell Co. SC Military Records

Barnwell Co. SC Schools & Directories

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