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Aiken County,
South Carolina History & Facts

Aiken County, South Carolina Facts

Aiken County

When was Aiken County, SC Created?
Aiken County was established on March 10, 1871 from Orangeburg County, Lexington County, Edgefield County, and Barnwell County. The county was named in honor of William Aiken, founder of the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company.

What is the County Seat of Aiken County, SC?
The County Seat of government is situated in Aiken plus the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Aiken County, SC?
Bordering counties are Saluda County (north), Lexington County (northeast), Orangeburg County (east), Barnwell County (south), Burke County, GA (southwest), Edgefield County (west), Richmond County, GA (west).

What cities and towns are in Aiken County, SC?
Cities and towns located in the county include Aiken, Bath, Beech Island, Belvedere, Burnettown, Clearwater, Gloverville, Graniteville, Jackson, Langley, Monetta, New Ellenton, North Augusta, Perry, Salley, Vaucluse, Wagener, Warrenville, Windsor

Aiken County, SC Vital Records

Where can find Aiken County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Aiken County vital records can be found at the South Carolina Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in South Carolina for current fees and application process.

Aiken County Health Department has birth and death records from January 01, 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office. There were no South Carolina birth or Death "certificates" before January 01, 1915 There were no South Carolina birth or Death "certificates" before January 01, 1915

You can search online for Aiken County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for South Carolina Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Aiken County, SC Census Records

What Aiken County, SC census records are available?
County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules to aid in finding out about your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Aiken Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1880. Aiken Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1880. Aiken Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. One can find free downloadable not to mention printable census forms to help you with your research.

Aiken County, SC Courthouse and Government Records

Aiken County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Aiken County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Aiken County. The dates suggested below are the first recognized records data with this county.

  • Aiken County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 109 Park Avenue SE, Aiken, SC 29801
  • Aiken County Registrar Mesne Conveyance  records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
    • Address: 828 Richland Avenue West, Aiken, SC 29801
    • Phone: 803-642-2072
    • Land Records: 1872
  • Aiken County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
    • Phone: (803) 642-2000
    • Marriage Records: 1911 
    • Probate Records: 1872
  • Aiken County Clerk of Court is divided into General Sessions (Criminal) and Common Pleas (Civil) Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record. The Clerk of Court is also responsible for Family Court which handles juvenile and domestic cases.
    • Phone: (803) 642-1587
    • Court Records: 1871
    • Divorce Records:since April 1949
  • Aiken County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).

Aiken County, SC Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Aiken County, SC?
A list of Aiken County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives.

Where can I connect with other Aiken County, SC Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Aiken County, SC?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources related to Aiken County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Aiken Co. SC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Aiken Co. SC Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Aiken Co. SC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Aiken Co. SC General and History Websites

Aiken Co. SC Immigration & Naturalization

Aiken Co. SC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Aiken Co. SC Military Records

Aiken Co. SC Schools & Directories

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