Search For Your Ancestors in Historical Documents




Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Genealogy, History & Facts

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Facts

Lancaster County

When was Lancaster County, PA Created?
Lancaster County was established on May 10, 1729 from Chester County. The county was named for the English city of Lancaster.

What is the County Seat of Lancaster County, PA?
The County Seat is located in Lancaster and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Lancaster County, PA?
Bordering Counties are Lebanon County (north), Berks County (northeast), Chester County (east), Cecil County, Maryland (south), Harford County, Maryland (south), York County (west), Dauphin County (northwest).

Lancaster County Townships Map

What cities and towns are in Lancaster County, PA?
Municipalities located in Lancaster County include Townships: Bart, Brecknock, Caernarvon, Clay, Colerain, Conestoga, Conoy, Drumore, Earl, East Cocalico, East Donegal, East Drumore, East Earl, East Hempfield, East Lampeter, Eden, Elizabeth, Ephrata, Fulton, Lancaster, Leacock, Little Britain, Manheim, Manor, Martic, Mount Joy, Paradise, Penn, Pequea, Providence, Rapho, Sadsbury, Salisbury, Strasburg, Upper Leacock, Warwick, West Cocalico, West Donegal, West Earl, West Hempfield, and West Lampeter. Boroughs: Adamstown, Akron, Christiana, Columbia, Denver, East Petersburg, Elizabethtown, Ephrata, Lititz, Manheim, Marietta, Millersville, Mount Joy, Mountville, New Holland, Quarryville, Strasburg, and Terre Hill. Cities & Towns: Lancaster. See also Lancaster County Municipalities Incorporation Dates.

Lancaster County, PA Vital Records

Where can find Lancaster County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Lancaster County vital records can be found at the Pennsylvania Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records since 1906 and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Pennsylvania for current fees and application process. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.

You can search online for Lancaster County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Pennsylvania  Birth CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail. Walk-in service is available at any of these six public offices: Erie, Harrisburg, New Castle, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh or Scranton.

Lancaster County, PA Census Records

What Lancaster County, PA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Lancaster County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Lancaster Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be acquired for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be found for 1890. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Pennsylvania Census Records Research Guide

Lancaster County, PA Courthouse and Government Records

Lancaster County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Lancaster County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Lancaster County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Pennsylvania Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Lancaster County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 50 North Duke Street, Lancaster, PA 17602
    • Phone: (717) 299-8242
  • Lancaster County Recorder of Deeds is responsible for recording documents related to property. Documents recorded consist of, but are not limited to, deeds, mortgages, restrictions, notaries, public and elected county officers. Other documents, such as Military Service Discharges, foreign birth certificates, as well as obscure documents like cattle brands, are also recorded here.
    • Phone: (717) 299-8275
    • Land Records: 1729
  • Lancaster County Prothonotary / Clerk of Courts has been the clerk of court of common pleas since 1707. Court records here include divorces, naturalizations, peddlers' licenses, registration of attorneys, oaths of county officers, equity, sheriff's sales, juror lists, some tax records, and some civil court records.Other court records are with the clerk of courts.
    • Phone: (717) 299-8275
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1729
  • Lancaster County Register of Wills/ Orphan's Court Clerk are often the same person, sometimes sharing the responsibility of the recorder of deeds and clerk of courts as well. The Register of Wills' principal duties include probating wills and accepting for filing all documents necessary to complete the administration of a decedent's estate. The Clerk of Orphans' Court, our office serves as the filing office and custodian of records for matters involving adoptions, guardianships and estate litigation. The office also issues all marriage licenses. Since 1885 the clerk of the orphans' court in each county has had the responsibility of recording marriages
    • Phone: (717) 299-8243
    • Marriage & Probate Records: 1729 
    • Birth & Death Records: before Jan 1906
  • Lancaster County Tax Assessor Office has tax records but may also be in the county commissioners' office or with the prothonotary.
  • Pennsylvania, Wills and Probate Records, 1683-1993
  • Lancaster, Pennsylvania Probate Index, 1729-1850
  • An index to the will books and intestate records of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1729-1850
  • Early Pennsylvania Land Records  
  • BLM Land Records

Lancaster County, PA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Lancaster County, PA?
A list of Lancaster County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Pennsylvania Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Lancaster County, PA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Lancaster County, PA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Lancaster County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is basically a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Lancaster Co. PA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Lancaster Co. PA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Lancaster Co. PA Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Lancaster Co. PA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Lancaster Co. PA General and History Websites

Lancaster Co. PA Immigration & Naturalization

Lancaster Co. PA Military Records

Lancaster Co. PA Schools & Directories

Copyright © 2014,