Washington County, Ohio
Genealogy and Facts

Washington County

Washington County was created on July 27, 1788 from Unorganized Land. This county was named forGeorge Washington (1732–1799), commander of the Continental Army, president of the Constitutional Convention, and future U.S. President .

The Washington County Seat is located in Marietta also, the county government website is www.washingtongov.org/ .

Areas bordering to Washington County are Noble County (north), Monroe County (northeast), Tyler County, West Virginia (east), Pleasants County, West Virginia (southeast), Wood County, West Virginia (south), Athens County (southwest), Morgan County (northwest) .

Cities and towns located in Washington County include Belpre, Marietta, Beverly, Lowell, Lower Salem, Macksburg, Matamoras. Other communities include Barlow, Bartlett, Coal Run, Cutler, Fleming, Germantown, Little Hocking, Newport, Reno, Vincent, Waterford, Watertown, Whipple, Wingett Run, Devola.

Washington County Townships Map

Washington County Townships include Adams, Aurelius, Barlow, Belpre, Decatur, Dunham, Fairfield, Fearing, Grandview, Independence, Lawrence, Liberty, Ludlow, Marietta, Muskingum, Newport, Palmer, Salem, Warren, Waterford, Watertown, Wesley.

Washington County vital records can be found at the Ohio Department of Health which has Birth Records since Dec 20, 1908; Death Records since since 1954 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Ohio for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Washington County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Ohio Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Washington County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790, 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Washington Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Washington County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Washington County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

  • Ohio Genealogy Community (plus.google.com)
  • Ohio State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
  • Washington County Chapter, OGS, PO Box 2174, Marietta, OH 45750-2174; Washington County Chapter, OGS meets the third Saturday of each month at St. Luke's Episcopal Church, 320 Second St., Marietta, at 2:00pm. Meetings are open to the public and visitors are always welcome. This OGS Chapter maintains a library with monthly meetings that occur the third Saturday of the month in the Second Congregational Church, Highway 26 in Marietta.
  • Washington Co Historical Society and Archives, P. O. Box 103, Marietta, OH 45750-0103; (740) 373-1788; Phone: (740) 373-1788; The Washington County Historical Society maintains the Fearing House Museum that houses furnishings dating from the 1860s-1890s. The Society's library, located at 417 Second Street in Marietta, contains collections of manuscripts, periodicals, books, maps, and documents pertaining to Washington County. The Society has recently acquired a historic home that it is currently being rehabilitated to serve as the Society's home.
  • Washington County Public Library Local History and Genealogy Services, 418 Washington St., Marietta, OH 45750-1992; 740-376-2172, fax 740-376-2175
  • Belpre Historical Society, PO Box 731, Belpre, OH 45714-0731; Phone: (740) 423-7588; The Belpre Historical Society Museum Education Center collects Belpre area artifacts, archival and genealogy information. Host's history related programs/workshops for regular and special meetings. Items of interest c.1840 restored C-spring carriage, c. 1876 Parlor, Southeastern Ohio Underground Railroad Exhibit by Henry Burke.
  • Campus Martius/Ohio River Museum, 601 2nd St, Marietta, OH 45750-2122; Phone: (800) 860-0145; The Campus Martius and Ohio River Museums are sites of the Ohio Historical Society. Campus Martius deals with the settlement of Marietta, the late 19th century movement of farmers to the cities, and Appalachian people into Ohio's industrial centers. The Ohio River Museum deals with all aspects of United States inland river heritage, especially the history of steamboats.
  • Lower Muskingum Historical Society, PO Box 525, Beverly, OH 45715; Phone: (740) 984-4250; The Lower Muskingum Historical Society's collection includes spinning wheels, dolls, organs, and the contents of a doctor's office. The property includes an original 1800s Log Cabin and a new barn with farm equipment, tools, a forge, and an anvil.
  • Matamoras Area Historical Society Inc, PO Box 1846, New Matamoras, OH 45767-0186; Phone: (740) 865-3706; The Matamoras Area Historical Society maintains a museum that reflects the history of the European-American settlers who first arrived in the Grandview Township area in 1790.
  • Washington County USGenWeb Archives Project (usgwarchives.net)
  • Washington County, Ohio Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Washington County
  • Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Washington County

Washington County Courthouse and Government Records


Washington County Courthouse

Genealogist typically fail to notice the benefits of Washington County court, probate, and land records as a source of genealogical details. Hidden away in Ohio courthouses and archives just about everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of countless Ohio people.

The possibilities are excellent that your potential forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least quite a few aspects of their lives in the Washington County court records. Even if your ancestors is not discussed in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which often can have lead to her or him appearing in court records.

Please make sure to call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details prior to visiting or seeking information because of sometimes changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A good number of workers will help people in locating the materials, however it's up to the man or women to do the researching.

The following facts denotes exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Washington County. The dates indicated listed below are considered the first noted records data for this particular county.

  • Washington County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 205 Putnam St., Marietta 45750-3017
    • Phone: (740) 373-6623
  • Washington County Clerk of Probate Court handles the probating of wills, estate administrations, trusts, guardianships, adoptions, birth corrections, delayed birth registrations and issues marriage licenses. The Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts
    • Phone: (740) 373-6623 Ext. 253
    • Marriage Records: 1789 
    • Probate Records: 1789
  • Washington County Recorder has the duty of keeping specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, military discharges, plats, etc.
    • Phone: (740) 373-6623
    • Land Records: 1788
  • Washington County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas is responsible for duties that include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases.  Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
    • Phone: (740)373-6623
    • Court Records: 1790
  • The Washington County Health Department has Birth & Death Records from 1908-Present. For birth and death records prior to Dec. 20, 1908, contact the Probate Court of this county.

Washington County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Washington County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own favorite Washington County genealogy or family history related sites.

Washington Co. OH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Washington Co. OH Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Washington Co. OH Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Washington Co. OH Census Records

Washington Co. OH Cemeteries & Graveyards

Washington Co. OH Church & Bible Records

Washington Co. OH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Washington Co. OH General and History Websites

Washington Co. OH Immigration & Naturalization

Washington Co. OH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Washington Co. OH Military Records

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