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Monroe County, Ohio
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, Ohio Facts

Monroe County

When was Monroe County, OH Created?
Monroe County was created on January 29, 1813 from Belmont County (Organized in 1815). This county was named for James Monroe (1758-1831), Secretary of State when the county was organized and future U.S. President .

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, OH?
The County Seat is located in Woodsfield also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Monroe County, OH?
Bordering Counties are Belmont County (north), Marshall County, West Virginia (northeast), Wetzel County, West Virginia (east), Tyler County, West Virginia (southeast), Washington County (south), Noble County (west) .

Monroe County Townships Map

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, OH?
Cities and towns located in the County include Antioch, Beallsville, Clarington, Graysville, Jerusalem, Lewisville, Miltonsburg, Stafford, Wilson, Woodsfield. Other communities include Cameron, Hannibal, Laings, Malaga, Rinard Mills, Sardis, Sycamore Valley.

What townships are in Monroe County, OH?
Townships located in the County include Adams, Benton, Bethel, Center, Franklin, Green, Jackson, Lee, Malaga, Ohio, Perry, Salem, Seneca, Summit, Sunsbury, Switzerland, Washington, Wayne.

Monroe County, OH Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the Ohio Department of Health which has Birth Records since Dec 20, 1908; Death Records since since 1954 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Ohio for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Ohio Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail. The Archives Division has copies of births before 1908, death before 1944 and marriage records before 1949.

The Monroe County Health Department has Birth & Death Records from 1908-Present. For birth and death records prior to Dec. 20, 1908, contact the Probate Court of this county.

Monroe County, OH Census Records

What Monroe County, OH census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Ohio Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, OH Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Ohio Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 101 N. Main St., Woodsfield 43793-1097
    • Phone: (740) 472-0873
  • Monroe County Clerk of Probate Court handles the probating of wills, estate administrations, trusts, guardianships, adoptions, birth corrections, delayed birth registrations and issues marriage licenses. The Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts
    • Phone: (740) 472-1654
    • Marriage Records: 1866
    • Probate Records: 1840
  • Monroe County Recorder has the duty of keeping specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, military discharges, plats, etc.
    • Phone: 740-472-5264
    • Land Records: 1836
  • Monroe County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas is responsible for duties that include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases. Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
    • Phone: (740) 472-0841
    • Court Records: 1818
  •  Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998
  • BLM Land Records
  • Monroe County USGenWeb Archives Project

Monroe County, OH Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, OH?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Ohio Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Monroe County Chapter, OGS, PO Box 641, Woodsfield, OH 43793-0641; Phone: (740) 483-1481; Monroe County Chapter, OGS meets the third Sunday of every month (except December) at 2:00pm in the Conference Room of the Monroe County District Library, 96 Home Avenue, Woodsfield, OH. This OGS Chapter promotes and preserves the genealogical heritage of Monroe County. It sponsors speakers on genealogical and local historical subjects at its monthly meetings and maintains a research room at the Monroe County District Library.
  • Monroe County Historical Society, PO Box 538, Woodsfield, OH 43793-0538; Phone: (740) 472-1933; The Monroe County Historical Society maintains the 1850s Parry House as its museum that depicts the lifestyle practiced during the Monroe County oil boom days. The Parry Museum, along with the Dairy Museum and a one-room stone schoolhouse, are located within the Monroe County Park District from which they are leased.
  • Ohio Historical Society, Archives-Library Division,  1982 Velma Avenue, Columbus, OH 43211; Telephone: 614-297-2300
  • Ohio Genealogical Society, 713 South Main Street, Mansfield OH 44907-1644

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, OH Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, OH?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County.

Monroe Co. OH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. OH Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Monroe Co. OH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. OH General and History Websites

Monroe Co. OH Immigration & Naturalization

Monroe Co. OH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. OH Military Records

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