Madison County, Ohio

Madison County

Madison County was created on March 1, 1810 from Franklin County. This county was named for James Madison (1751-1836), fourth U.S. President .

The Madison County Seat is located in London also, the county government website is www.co.madison.oh.us/ .

Areas bordering to Madison County are Union County (north), Franklin County (east), Pickaway County (southeast), Fayette County (south), Greene County (southwest), Clark County (west), Champaign County (northwest) .

Cities and towns located in Madison County include London, Midway, Mount Sterling, Plain City, South Solon, West Jefferson. Other communities include Rosedale, Sedalia.

Madison County Townships Map

Madison County Townships include Canaan, Darby, Deer Creek, Fairfield, Jefferson, Monroe, Oak Run, Paint, Pike, Pleasant, Range, Somerford, Stokes, Union.

Madison County vital records can be found at the Ohio Department of Health which has Birth Records since Dec 20, 1908; Death Records since since 1954 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Ohio for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Madison County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Ohio Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Madison County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Madison Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Madison County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Madison County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

  • Ohio Genealogy Community (plus.google.com)
  • Ohio State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
  • Madison County Chapter - OGS, PO Box 102, London, OH 43140-0102; Phone: (740) 852-0232; This OGS Chapter focuses on genealogy, history, and preservation of records, and publication.
  • Madison County Historical Society, PO Box 124, London, OH 43140-0124; Phone: (740) 852-2977; The Madison County Historical Society's museum was established over 15 years ago to preserve and interpret Madison County history. The main museum building houses many permanent exhibits. A variety of exhibit buildings are on the grounds. During the summer the museum is open on Wednesday and Sunday afternoons only from 1 to 4 P.M.
  • Plain City Historical Society, 341 N Chillicothe St, Plain City, OH 43064-1063; Phone: (614) 873-4942; The Plain City Historical Society is a working group that collects and records historical information on the town and its people. It is currently putting local history information in the local library.
  • Madison County USGenWeb Archives Project (usgwarchives.net)
  • Madison County, Ohio Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Madison County
  • Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Madison County

Madison County Courthouse and Government Records


Madison County Courthouse

Genealogist typically fail to notice the benefits of Madison County court, probate, and land records as a source of genealogical details. Hidden away in Ohio courthouses and archives just about everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of countless Ohio people.

The possibilities are excellent that your potential forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least quite a few aspects of their lives in the Madison County court records. Even if your ancestors is not discussed in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which often can have lead to her or him appearing in court records.

Please make sure to call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details prior to visiting or seeking information because of sometimes changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A good number of workers will help people in locating the materials, however it's up to the man or women to do the researching.

The following facts denotes exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Madison County. The dates indicated listed below are considered the first noted records data for this particular county.

  • Madison County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1 N. Main St., London 43140-0000
    • Phone: (740) 852-2972
  • Madison County Clerk of Probate Court handles the probating of wills, estate administrations, trusts, guardianships, adoptions, birth corrections, delayed birth registrations and issues marriage licenses. The Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts
    • Phone: (740) 852-0756
    • Marriage Records: 1810 
    • Probate Records: 1810
  • Madison County Recorder has the duty of keeping specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, military discharges, plats, etc.
    • Phone: (740) 852-1854
    • Land Records: 1810
  • Madison County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas is responsible for duties that include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases.  Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
    • Phone: (740) 845-1780 
    • Court Records: 1810
  • The Madison County Health Department has Birth & Death Records from 1908-Present. For birth and death records prior to Dec. 20, 1908, contact the Probate Court of this county.

Madison County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Madison County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own favorite Madison County genealogy or family history related sites.

Madison Co. OH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Madison Co. OH Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Madison Co. OH Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Madison Co. OH Census Records

Madison Co. OH Cemeteries & Graveyards

Madison Co. OH Church & Bible Records

Madison Co. OH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Madison Co. OH General and History Websites

Madison Co. OH Immigration & Naturalization

Madison Co. OH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Madison Co. OH Military Records

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