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Jefferson County, Ohio
Genealogy, History & Facts

Jefferson County, Ohio Facts

Jefferson County

When was Jefferson County, OH Created?
Jefferson County was created on July 29, 1797 from Washington County. This county was named for Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Vice President when the county was organized, future U.S. President, and principal author of the Declaration of Independence.

What is the County Seat of Jefferson County, OH?
The County Seat is located in Steubenville also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Jefferson County, OH?
Bordering Counties are Columbiana County (north), Hancock County, West Virginia (northeast), Brooke County, West Virginia (east), Ohio County, West Virginia (southeast), Belmont County (south), Harrison County (southwest), Carroll County (northwest) .

Jefferson County Townships Map

What cities and towns are in Jefferson County, OH?
Cities and towns located in the County include Steubenville, Toronto, Amsterdam, Bergholz, Bloomingdale, Dillonvale, Empire, Irondale, Mingo Junction, Mount Pleasant, New Alexandria, Rayland, Richmond, Smithfield, Stratton, Tiltonsville, Wintersville. Other communities include Brilliant, East Springfield, Hammondsville, Hopewell, New Somerset, Piney Fork, Wolf Run, Weems.

What townships are in Jefferson County, OH?
Townships located in the County include Brush Creek, Cross Creek, Island Creek, Knox, Mount Pleasant, Ross, Salem, Saline, Smithfield, Springfield, Steubenville, Warren, Wayne, Wells.

Jefferson County, OH Vital Records

Where can find Jefferson County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Jefferson County vital records can be found at the Ohio Department of Health which has Birth Records since Dec 20, 1908; Death Records since since 1954 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Ohio for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jefferson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Ohio Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail. The Archives Division has copies of births before 1908, death before 1944 and marriage records before 1949.

The Jefferson County Health Department has Birth & Death Records from 1908-Present. For birth and death records prior to Dec. 20, 1908, contact the Probate Court of this county. Steubenville City Health Dept, 312 Market St., P.O. Box 1427 Steubenville, OH 43952; 740-283-6050

Jefferson County, OH Census Records

What Jefferson County, OH census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Jefferson County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Jefferson Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Ohio Census Records Research Guide

Jefferson County, OH Courthouse and Government Records

Jefferson County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Jefferson County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Jefferson County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Ohio Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Jefferson County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 301 Market St., Steubenville 43952-2133
    • Phone: (740) 283-4111
  • Jefferson County Clerk of Probate Court handles the probating of wills, estate administrations, trusts, guardianships, adoptions, birth corrections, delayed birth registrations and issues marriage licenses. The Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts
    • Phone: (740) 283-8554
    • Marriage Records: 1803 
    • Probate Records: 1798
  • Jefferson County Recorder has the duty of keeping specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, military discharges, plats, etc.
    • Phone: 740-283-8566
    • Land Records: 1795
  • Jefferson County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas is responsible for duties that include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases. Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
    • Phone: (740)283-8543
    • Court Records: 1803
  • Ohio, Jefferson County Court Records, 1797-1940 - Birth and probate records from Jefferson County, Ohio. This collection is being published as images become available. An index is being created in cooperation with the Jefferson County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society and will be published as it becomes available. Contact the county courthouse to get the case number for a deceased person.
  • Jefferson Co. Land Records
  • Jefferson Co. Court Records
  • Jefferson Co. Wills
  •  Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998
  • BLM Land Records
  • Jefferson County USGenWeb Archives Project

Jefferson County, OH Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Jefferson County, OH?
A list of Jefferson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Ohio Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Bellville-Jefferson Township Historical Society , 167 Main St, Bellville, OH 44813-1239; Phone: (419) 886-3571; The Bellville-Jefferson Township Historical Society meets monthly and presents a program of historical significance and has exhibits.
  • Jefferson County Chapter, OGS, PO Box 2367, Wintersville, OH 43953; Jefferson County Chapter, OGS meetings are quarterly, on the second Tuesday of each quarter, held at the Schiappa Branch Public Library, Mall Drive, Steubenville, OH. As of January 2008 the chapter will list cemetery tombstone inscriptions online, church records, veterans grave registration card indexes, post offices and post masters and much more! This OGS Chapter is concerned with preserving genealogical materials throughout the county and tri-state area. They focus strongly on preserving history by taking an active role in locating and restoring pioneer cemeteries, records, and materials of a genealogical worth.
  • Jefferson County Historical Association , PO Box 218, Steubenville, OH 43952-5218; Phone: (740) 283-1133; The eighteen-room Jefferson County Historical Museum contains furniture, clothing, documents, books, and pictures highlighting Jefferson County. Included are the Jefferson County Riverboat Room, Transportation Gallery, and President's Room.
  • Jefferson County, Ohio GenWeb (
  • Ohio Historical Society, Archives-Library Division,  1982 Velma Avenue, Columbus, OH 43211; Telephone: 614-297-2300
  • Ohio Genealogical Society, 713 South Main Street, Mansfield OH 44907-1644

Where can I connect with other Jefferson County, OH Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Jefferson County, OH?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Jefferson County.

Jefferson Co. OH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jefferson Co. OH Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Jefferson Co. OH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jefferson Co. OH General and History Websites

Jefferson Co. OH Immigration & Naturalization

Jefferson Co. OH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jefferson Co. OH Military Records

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