Jefferson County, Ohio

Jefferson County

Jefferson County was created on July 29, 1797 from Washington County. This county was named for Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Vice President when the county was organized, future U.S. President, and principal author of the Declaration of Independence.

The Jefferson County Seat is located in Steubenville also, the county government website is www.jeffersoncountyoh.com/ .

Areas bordering to Jefferson County are Columbiana County (north), Hancock County, West Virginia (northeast), Brooke County, West Virginia (east), Ohio County, West Virginia (southeast), Belmont County (south), Harrison County (southwest), Carroll County (northwest) .

Cities and towns located in Jefferson County include Steubenville, Toronto, Amsterdam, Bergholz, Bloomingdale, Dillonvale, Empire, Irondale, Mingo Junction, Mount Pleasant, New Alexandria, Rayland, Richmond, Smithfield, Stratton, Tiltonsville, Wintersville. Other communities include Brilliant, East Springfield, Hammondsville, Hopewell, New Somerset, Piney Fork, Wolf Run, Weems.

Jefferson County Townships Map

Jefferson County Townships include Brush Creek, Cross Creek, Island Creek, Knox, Mount Pleasant, Ross, Salem, Saline, Smithfield, Springfield, Steubenville, Warren, Wayne, Wells.

Jefferson County vital records can be found at the Ohio Department of Health which has Birth Records since Dec 20, 1908; Death Records since since 1954 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Ohio for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jefferson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Ohio Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Jefferson County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Jefferson Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Jefferson County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Jefferson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

  • Ohio Genealogy Community (plus.google.com)
  • Ohio State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
  • Bellville-Jefferson Township Historical Society , 167 Main St, Bellville, OH 44813-1239; Phone: (419) 886-3571; The Bellville-Jefferson Township Historical Society meets monthly and presents a program of historical significance and has exhibits.
  • Jefferson County Chapter, OGS, PO Box 2367, Wintersville, OH 43953; Jefferson County Chapter, OGS meetings are quarterly, on the second Tuesday of each quarter, held at the Schiappa Branch Public Library, Mall Drive, Steubenville, OH. As of January 2008 the chapter will list cemetery tombstone inscriptions online, church records, veterans grave registration card indexes, post offices and post masters and much more! This OGS Chapter is concerned with preserving genealogical materials throughout the county and tri-state area. They focus strongly on preserving history by taking an active role in locating and restoring pioneer cemeteries, records, and materials of a genealogical worth.
  • Jefferson County Historical Association , PO Box 218, Steubenville, OH 43952-5218; Phone: (740) 283-1133; The eighteen-room Jefferson County Historical Museum contains furniture, clothing, documents, books, and pictures highlighting Jefferson County. Included are the Jefferson County Riverboat Room, Transportation Gallery, and President's Room.
  • Jefferson County, Ohio GenWeb (rootsweb.ancestry.com)
  • Jefferson County USGenWeb Archives Project (usgwarchives.net)
  • Jefferson County, Ohio Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Jefferson County
  • Jefferson County, Ohio Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Jefferson County

Jefferson County Courthouse and Government Records


Jefferson County Courthouse

Genealogist typically fail to notice the benefits of Jefferson County court, probate, and land records as a source of genealogical details. Hidden away in Ohio courthouses and archives just about everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of countless Ohio people.

The possibilities are excellent that your potential forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least quite a few aspects of their lives in the Jefferson County court records. Even if your ancestors is not discussed in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which often can have lead to her or him appearing in court records.

Please make sure to call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details prior to visiting or seeking information because of sometimes changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A good number of workers will help people in locating the materials, however it's up to the man or women to do the researching.

The following facts denotes exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Jefferson County. The dates indicated listed below are considered the first noted records data for this particular county.

  • Jefferson County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 301 Market St., Steubenville 43952-2133
    • Phone: (740) 283-4111
  • Jefferson County Clerk of Probate Court handles the probating of wills, estate administrations, trusts, guardianships, adoptions, birth corrections, delayed birth registrations and issues marriage licenses. The Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts
    • Phone: (740) 283-8554
    • Marriage Records: 1803 
    • Probate Records: 1798
  • Jefferson County Recorder has the duty of keeping specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, military discharges, plats, etc.
    • Phone: 740-283-8566
    • Land Records: 1795
  • Jefferson County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas is responsible for duties that include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases.  Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
    • Phone: (740)283-8543
    • Court Records: 1803
  • The Jefferson County Health Department has Birth & Death Records from 1908-Present. For birth and death records prior to Dec. 20, 1908, contact the Probate Court of this county.
  • Steubenville City Health Dept, 312 Market St., P.O. Box 1427 Steubenville, OH 43952; 740-283-6050

Jefferson County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Jefferson County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own favorite Jefferson County genealogy or family history related sites.

Jefferson Co. OH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jefferson Co. OH Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Jefferson Co. OH Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Jefferson Co. OH Census Records

Jefferson Co. OH Cemeteries & Graveyards

Jefferson Co. OH Church & Bible Records

Jefferson Co. OH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jefferson Co. OH General and History Websites

Jefferson Co. OH Immigration & Naturalization

Jefferson Co. OH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jefferson Co. OH Military Records

Copyright © 2014 GenealogyInc.com,