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Gallia County, Ohio
Genealogy, History & Facts

Gallia County, Ohio Facts

Gallia County

When was Gallia County, OH Created?
Gallia County was created on April 30, 1803 from Washington County. This county was named for Gaul, the ancient name of France.

What is the County Seat of Gallia County, OH?
The County Seat is located in Gallipolis also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Gallia County, OH?
Bordering Counties are Vinton County (north), Meigs County (northeast), Mason County, West Virginia (east), Cabell County, West Virginia (south), Lawrence County (southwest), Jackson County (northwest) .

Gallia County Townships Map

What cities and towns are in Gallia County, OH?
Cities and towns located in the County include Gallipolis, Centerville, Cheshire, Crown City, Rio Grande, Vinton. Other communities include Bidwell, Kerr, Patriot .

What townships are in Gallia County, OH?
Townships located in the County include Addison, Cheshire, Clay, Gallipolis, Green, Greenfield, Guyan, Harrison, Huntington, Morgan, Ohio, Perry, Raccoon, Springfield, Walnut.

Gallia County, OH Vital Records

Where can find Gallia County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Gallia County vital records can be found at the Ohio Department of Health which has Birth Records since Dec 20, 1908; Death Records since since 1954 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Ohio for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Gallia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Ohio Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail. The Archives Division has copies of births before 1908, death before 1944 and marriage records before 1949.

The Gallia County Health Department has Birth & Death Records from 1908-Present. For birth and death records prior to Dec. 20, 1908, contact the Probate Court of this county.

Gallia County, OH Census Records

What Gallia County, OH census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Gallia County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Gallia Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Gallia Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Gallia Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Ohio Census Records Research Guide

Gallia County, OH Courthouse and Government Records

Gallia County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Gallia County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Gallia County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Ohio Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Gallia County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 18 Locust St., Gallipolis 45631
    • Phone: (740) 446-4374
  • Gallia County Clerk of Probate Court handles the probating of wills, estate administrations, trusts, guardianships, adoptions, birth corrections, delayed birth registrations and issues marriage licenses. The Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts
    • Phone: (740) 446-4612
    • Marriage Records: 1803 
    • Probate Records: 1803
  • Gallia County Recorder has the duty of keeping specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, military discharges, plats, etc.
    • Phone: 740-446-4612 Ext 246
    • Land Records: 1803
  • Gallia County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas is responsible for duties that include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases. Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
    • Phone: 740-446-4612 Ext. 221
    • Court Records: 1811
  •  Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998
  • BLM Land Records
  • Gallia County USGenWeb Archives Project

Gallia County, OH Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Gallia County, OH?
A list of Gallia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Ohio Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Gallia County Chapter, OGS, PO Box 1007, Gallipolis, OH 45631; meets the second Thursday of the month at 7:00pm at the Gallia County Probate Court. No meetings in July, August or December.
  • Gallia County Historical Society, 412 Second Ave, Gallipolis, OH 45631-1130; Phone: (740) 446-7200; The Gallia County Historical & Genealogical Society discovers, collects, and preserves historical and genealogical material of Gallia County, making it available to the public through publications and events. The Genealogical Society maintains an ancestor chart.
  • Esther Greer Museum/Archives, PO Box 12, Rio Grande, OH 45674-0012; Phone: (740) 245-7351
  • Ohio Historical Society, Archives-Library Division,  1982 Velma Avenue, Columbus, OH 43211; Telephone: 614-297-2300
  • Ohio Genealogical Society, 713 South Main Street, Mansfield OH 44907-1644

Where can I connect with other Gallia County, OH Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Gallia County, OH?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Gallia County.

Gallia Co. OH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Gallia Co. OH Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Gallia Co. OH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Gallia Co. OH General and History Websites

Gallia Co. OH Immigration & Naturalization

Gallia Co. OH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Gallia Co. OH Military Records

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