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Fairfield County, Ohio
Genealogy, History & Facts

Fairfield County, Ohio Facts

Fairfield County

When was Fairfield County, OH Created?
Fairfield County was created on December 9, 1800 from Ross County and Washington County. This county was named for the beauty of its "fair fields" .

What is the County Seat of Fairfield County, OH?
The County Seat is located in Lancaster also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Fairfield County, OH?
Bordering Counties are Licking County (north), Perry County (east), Hocking County (south), Pickaway County (southwest), Franklin County (northwest) .

Fairfield County Townships Map

What cities and towns are in Fairfield County, OH?
Cities and towns located in the County include Columbus, Lancaster, Pickerington, Reynoldsburg, Amanda, Baltimore, Bremen, Buckeye Lake, Canal Winchester, Carroll, Lithopolis, Millersport, Pleasantville, Rushville, Stoutsville, Sugar Grove, Thurston, West Rushville. Other communities include Include Royalton.

Fairfield County Townships Include Amanda, Berne, Bloom, Clearcreek, Greenfield, Hocking, Liberty, Madison, Pleasant, Richland, Rush Creek, Violet, Walnut.

Fairfield County, OH Vital Records

Where can find Fairfield County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Fairfield County vital records can be found at the Ohio Department of Health which has Birth Records since Dec 20, 1908; Death Records since since 1954 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Ohio for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Fairfield County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Ohio Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail. The Archives Division has copies of births before 1908, death before 1944 and marriage records before 1949.

The Fairfield County Health Department has Birth & Death Records from 1908-Present. For birth and death records prior to Dec. 20, 1908, contact the Probate Court of this county.

Fairfield County, OH Census Records

What Fairfield County, OH census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Fairfield County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Fairfield Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fairfield Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fairfield Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Ohio Census Records Research Guide

Fairfield County, OH Courthouse and Government Records

Fairfield County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Fairfield County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Fairfield County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Ohio Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Fairfield County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 224 East Main Street, Lancaster Ohio, 43130
    • Phone: (740) 687-7190
  • Fairfield County Clerk of Probate Court handles the probating of wills, estate administrations, trusts, guardianships, adoptions, birth corrections, delayed birth registrations and issues marriage licenses. The Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts
    • Phone: 740.652.7464
    • Marriage Records: 1803 
    • Probate Records: 1803
  • Fairfield County Recorder has the duty of keeping specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, military discharges, plats, etc.
    • Address: 210 E Main Street Room 205 Lancaster, Ohio 43130
    • Phone: 740-652-7100
    • Land Records: 1801
  • Fairfield County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas is responsible for duties that include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases. Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
    • Phone: (740) 652-7421
    • Court Records: 1801
  •  Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998
  • BLM Land Records
  • Fairfield County USGenWeb Archives Project

Fairfield County, OH Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Fairfield County, OH?
A list of Fairfield County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Ohio Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Fairfield County Chapter, OGS, New Address:, 503 Lenwood Dr., Lancaster, OH 43130; Fairfield County Chapter, OGS meets the third Thursday of each month at 7:00pm at the Fairfield County Genealogical Library, 503 Lenwood Drive, Lancaster, OH.
  • Bremen Area Historical Society, 6845 Marietta Rd SE, Lancaster, OH 43130-9413; Phone: (740) 569-7691; The Bremen Area Historical Society is an outgrowth of the 1984 Sesquicentennial celebration of the Village of Bremen. They have built a new building that serves as a community-meeting center and will eventually house the local history museum. The museum portion of the building is yet to be completed on the inside.
  • Carroll Area Historical Society, PO Box 185, Carroll, OH 43112-0185; Phone: (740) 756-7943
  • Lancaster Campground Historical Society, 2151 W Fair Ave #113, Lancaster, OH 43130-7859; Phone: (740) 653-2119; The Lancaster Campground Historical Society exhibits displays of different kinds of summertime religious camp meetings. It includes the Heritage House that was the first building on the campground, a Grocery Store Museum filled with antiques, Hotel Woodside which has been restored to include a pastor's study, Curt & Charlotte Davis' room, and the Seifert Museum. Also the Davis Auditorium that was built in 1895 and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Pickerington-Violet Township Historical Society, PO Box 732, Pickerington, OH 43147-0732; Phone: (614) 837-2119; The Pickerington-Violet Township Historical Society operates the former Carnegie Library building as it museum.
  • Sons of the American Revolution-Ohio Society, 13824 Carriage Ln, Pickerington, OH 43147-8857; The Sons of the American Revolution, an educational, historical, and patriotic organization, perpetuates the memory of those who served the nation in the American Revolution and promotes fellowship among their descendants.
  • Ohio Historical Society, Archives-Library Division,  1982 Velma Avenue, Columbus, OH 43211; Telephone: 614-297-2300
  • Ohio Genealogical Society, 713 South Main Street, Mansfield OH 44907-1644

Where can I connect with other Fairfield County, OH Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Fairfield County, OH?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Fairfield County.

Fairfield Co. OH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Fairfield Co. OH Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Fairfield Co. OH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Fairfield Co. OH General and History Websites

Fairfield Co. OH Immigration & Naturalization

Fairfield Co. OH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Fairfield Co. OH Military Records

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