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Adams County, Ohio
Genealogy, History & Facts

Adams County, Ohio Facts

Adams County

When was Adams County, OH Created?
Adams County was created on July 10, 1797 from Hamilton County and Washington County. This county was named for John Adams (1735-1826), second U.S. President and executive when the county was organized .

What is the County Seat of Adams County, OH?
The County Seat is located in West Union also, the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Adams County, OH?
Bordering Counties are Highland County (north), Pike County (northeast), Scioto County (east), Lewis County, Kentucky (south), Mason County, Kentucky (southwest), Brown County (west) .

Adams County Townships Map

What cities and towns are in Adams County, OH?
Cities and towns located in the County include Cherry Fork, Manchester, Peebles, Rome, Seaman, West Union, Winchester .

What townships are in Adams County, OH?
Townships located in the County include Bratton, Brush Creek, Franklin, Green, Jefferson, Liberty, Manchester, Meigs, Monroe, Oliver, Scott, Sprigg, Tiffin, Wayne, Winchester.

Adams County, OH Vital Records

Where can find Adams County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Adams County vital records can be found at the Ohio Department of Health which has Birth Records since Dec 20, 1908; Death Records since since 1954 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Ohio for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Adams County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Ohio Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail. The Archives Division has copies of births before 1908, death before 1944 and marriage records before 1949.

The Adams County Health Department has Birth & Death Records from 1908-Present. For birth and death records prior to Dec. 20, 1908, contact the Probate Court of this county.

Adams County, OH Census Records

What Adams County, OH census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Adams County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Adams Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Adams Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Adams Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Ohio Census Records Research Guide

Adams County, OH Courthouse and Government Records

Adams County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Adams County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Adams County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Ohio Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Adams County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 110 W. Main St., West Union 45693-1347
    • Phone: (937) 544-3286
  • Adams County Clerk of Probate Court handles the probating of wills, estate administrations, trusts, guardianships, adoptions, birth corrections, delayed birth registrations and issues marriage licenses. The Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts
    • Phone: 937-544-2921
    • Marriage Records: 1910
    • Probate Records: 1849
  • Adams County Recorder has the duty of keeping specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, military discharges, plats, etc.
    • Phone: 937-544-5051 & 937-544-2513
    • Land Records: 1797
  • Adams County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas is responsible for duties that include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases. Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
    • Phone: 937-544-2921
    • Court Records: ?
  • Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998
  • BLM Land Records
  • Adams County USGenWeb Archives Project

Adams County, OH Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Adams County, OH?
A list of Adams County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Ohio Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Adams County Genealogical Society, PO Box 231, West Union, OH 45693-0231; Phone: (216) 942-4624; The Adams County Genealogical Society collections contain all available Adams County records and any appropriate records from surrounding counties and other states. The Society's holdings are housed in the Adams County Heritage Center, maintained by the Adams County Historical Society (see separate listing).
  • Adams County Historical Society, PO Box 306, West Union, OH 45693-0306; Phone: (937) 544-2258; The Adams County Heritage Center is housed in an 1835 Brick structure originally constructed for an associate reformed Presbyterian church whose congregation was involved in the Underground Railroad. The Heritage Center is home for the Adams County Historical Society and the Adams County Genealogical Society.
  • Manchester Historical Society, PO Box 1, Manchester, OH 45144-0001; Phone: (937) 549-2033
  • Serpent Mound, 3850 State Route 73, Peebles, OH 45660-9128; Phone: (937) 587-2796; Serpent Mound State Memorial, a site of the Ohio Historical Society, is the largest effigy mound in Ohio. Exhibits describing the site and its history are located in the Museum. Serpent Mound is located within an unusual geological area known as the Serpent Mound Cryptoexlosion Structure.
  • Ohio Historical Society, Archives-Library Division,  1982 Velma Avenue, Columbus, OH 43211; Telephone: 614-297-2300
  • Ohio Genealogical Society, 713 South Main Street, Mansfield OH 44907-1644

Where can I connect with other Adams County, OH Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Adams County, OH?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Adams County.

Adams Co. OH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Adams Co. OH Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Adams Co. OH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Adams Co. OH General and History Websites

Adams Co. OH Immigration & Naturalization

Adams Co. OH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Adams Co. OH Military Records

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