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Vance County, North Carolina

Vance County was created on 1881 from Granville County, Franklin County and Warren County. This county was named for Zebulon Baird Vance (1830–1894), a Confederate military officer in the American Civil War, twice governor of North Carolina, and United States Senator.

The Vance County Seat is located in Henderson also, the county government website is

Areas bordering to Vance County are Mecklenburg County, Virginia (north), Warren County (east), Franklin County (south), Granville County (west).

Cities and towns located in Vance County include Henderson, Kittrell, Middleburg, South Henderson.

Townships located in Vance County include Dabney, Henderson, Kittrell, Middleburg, Sandy Creek, Townsville, Watkins, and Williamsboro.

Vance County vital records can be found at the North Carolina Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in North Carolina for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Vance County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for North Carolina Birth Certificate, Death, Divorce and Marriage Certificate Application to mail.

The North Carolina State Archives has the following vital records: Death Certificates, 1913-1975 (Statewide Index: 1913-1979); microfilmed Indexes to Births and Deaths (except Wake, Durham); Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 (not required by law); Cohabitation Records, 1866-1867; microfilmed Marriage Registers and Indexes; microfilmed Marriage Licenses for many of the counties

Vance County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules which can guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (incomplete), 1800 (incomplete), 1810 (incomplete), 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Vance Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Vance Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Vance Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Vance County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Vance County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Vance County Courthouse and Government Records

Vance County Courthouse

Genealogist typically forget about the importance of Vance County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy information.

Old Vance County Courthouse

Buried away in North Carolina courthouses and archives everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of the many North Carolina men and women.

The possibilities are excellent that your ancestors have left a detailed record of at least some elements of their lives in the Vance County court records. Even if your ancestors and forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, contemplate all of the other methods which may have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Vance County. The years pointed out listed below are the first noted records with this county.

Please make sure to call the clerk's dept to identify hours, mailing address, fees and other facts just before visiting or asking for information because of many times changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are available to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to undertake the basic research.
  • Vance County Register of Deeds holds land and vital records if they have not been transferred to the state archives in Raleigh. Land records may include deeds, grants, plats, and other miscellaneous items. houses most birth and death records and marriage licenses for Vance County.
    • Address: 122 Young Street, Suite F, Henderson, NC 27536
    • Phone: (252) 738-2110
    • Birth Records: 1913 
    • Marriage Records: 1881
    • Death Records: 1913
    • Land Records: 1749
  • Vance County Clerk of Court holds probate records and court records if they have not been transferred to the state archives in Raleigh. Probate records include not only wills, but also loose estates records. Court records may include apprentice bonds, bastardy bonds, and officials' or constables' bonds in addition to dockets, fee and account books, and court minutes and orders. They also have Divorce Records.
    • Address: 156 Church St, Henderson , NC 27536
    • Phone: (252) 738-9000
    • Probate Records: 1881
    • Court Records: 1881
    • Divorce Records: call court clerk for details
  • Vance County Tax Assessor / Collector
  • Vance Co. North Carolina County Health Department

Vance County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Vance County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment. This is merely a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to furnish your own most popular Vance County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Vance Co. NC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Vance Co. NC Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Vance Co. NC Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Vance Co. NC Census Records

Vance Co. NC Cemeteries & Graveyards

Vance Co. NC Church & Bible Records

Vance Co. NC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Vance Co. NC General and History Websites

Vance Co. NC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Vance Co. NC Military Records

Vance Co. NC Schools & Directories

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