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Polk County,
North Carolina History & Facts

Polk County, North Carolina History

When was Polk County, NC Created?
Polk County was created on 1855 from Rutherford County and Henderson County. This county was named for William Polk (1758–1834), officer in the American Revolutionary War and first president of the State Bank of North Carolina.

What is the County Seat of Polk County, NC?
The County Seat is located in Columbus also, the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Polk County, NC?
Bordering Counties are Rutherford County (northeast), Spartanburg County, South Carolina (southeast), Greenville County, South Carolina (southwest), Henderson County (west) .

What cities and towns are in Polk County, NC?
Cities and towns located in the County include Columbus, Saluda, Tryon.

Polk County, NC Vital Records

Where can find Polk County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Polk County vital records can be found at the North Carolina Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in North Carolina for current fees and application process.

Birth, death and marriage certificates also may be obtained at the Polk County Register of Deeds (ROD) office. Divorce certificates may be obtained from the  Polk County clerk of court.

You can search online for Polk County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for North Carolina Birth Certificate, Death, Divorce and Marriage Certificate Application to mail.

The North Carolina State Archives has the following vital records: Death Certificates, 1913-1975 (Statewide Index: 1913-1979); microfilmed Indexes to Births and Deaths (except Wake, Durham); Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 (not required by law); Cohabitation Records, 1866-1867; microfilmed Marriage Registers and Indexes; microfilmed Marriage Licenses for many of the counties See Also North Carolina Vital Records Research Guide

Polk County, NC Census Records

What Polk County, NC census records are available?
County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules which can guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Polk Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also North Carolina Census Records Research Guide

Polk County, NC Courthouse and Government Records

Polk County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Polk County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Polk County. The years pointed out listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also North Carolina Corthouse Records Research Guide.

Polk County, NC Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Polk County, NC?
A list of Polk County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See also a list of Statewide North Carolina Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Polk County, NC Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Polk County, NC?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Polk County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment. This is merely a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Polk Co. NC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Polk Co. NC Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Polk Co. NC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Polk Co. NC General and History Websites

Polk Co. NC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Polk Co. NC Military Records

Polk Co. NC Schools & Directories

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