Madison County, North Carolina
Genealogy and Facts

Madison County was created on January 27, 1851 from Buncombe County and Yancey County. This county was named for James Madison (1751–1836), the 4th President of the United States .

The Madison County Seat is located in Marshall also, the county government website is www.madisoncountync.org/.

Areas bordering to Madison County are Greene County, Tennessee (north), Unicoi County, Tennessee (north), east), Yancey County (east), Buncombe County (south), Haywood County (southwest), Cocke County, Tennessee (west).

Cities and towns located in Madison County include Hot Springs, MarsHill, Marshall.

Townships located in Madison County all are both numbered and named: 1 (North Marshall and South Marshall), 2 (Laurel), 3 (Mars Hill), 4 (Beech Glenn), 5 (Walnut), 6 (Hot Springs), 7 (Ebbs Chapel), 8 (Spring Creek), 9 (Sandy Mush), 10 (Grapevine), and 11 (Revere Rice Cove). Formerly there were sixteen: 1 (Marshall), 2 (Shelton Laurel), 3 (Bull Creek), 4 (Middle Fork of Ivy), 5 (West Fork of Ivy), 6 (Sandy Mush), 7 (Little Pine Creek), 8 (Spring Creek), 9 (Hot Springs), 10 (Big Laurel), 11 (Upper Laurel), 12 (Big Pine Creek), 13 (Meadow Fork of Spring Creek), 14 (Grapevine), 15 (Mars Hill), and 16 (Foster Creek) .

Madison County vital records can be found at the North Carolina Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in North Carolina for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Madison County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for North Carolina Birth Certificate, Death, Divorce and Marriage Certificate Application to mail.

The North Carolina State Archives has the following vital records: Death Certificates, 1913-1975 (Statewide Index: 1913-1979); microfilmed Indexes to Births and Deaths (except Wake, Durham); Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 (not required by law); Cohabitation Records, 1866-1867; microfilmed Marriage Registers and Indexes; microfilmed Marriage Licenses for many of the counties

Madison County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules which can guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Madison Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Madison County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Madison County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Madison County Courthouse and Government Records


Madison County Courthouse

Genealogist typically forget about the importance of Madison County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy information.

Buried away in North Carolina courthouses and archives everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of the many North Carolina men and women.

The possibilities are excellent that your ancestors have left a detailed record of at least some elements of their lives in the Madison County court records. Even if your ancestors and forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, contemplate all of the other methods which may have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Madison County. The years pointed out listed below are the first noted records with this county.

Please make sure to call the clerk's dept to identify hours, mailing address, fees and other facts just before visiting or asking for information because of many times changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are available to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to undertake the basic research.
  • Madison County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 2 N Main St, Marshall, NC 28753
  • Madison County Register of Deeds holds land and vital records if they have not been transferred to the state archives in Raleigh. Land records may include deeds, grants, plats, and other miscellaneous items. houses most birth and death records and marriage licenses for Madison County.
    • Phone: (828) 649-3131
    • Birth Records: 1913 
    • Marriage Records: 1851
    • Death Records: 1913 
    • Land Records: 1851
  • Madison County Clerk of Court holds probate records and court records if they have not been transferred to the state archives in Raleigh. Probate records include not only wills, but also loose estates records. Court records may include apprentice bonds, bastardy bonds, and officials' or constables' bonds in addition to dockets, fee and account books, and court minutes and orders. They also have Divorce Records.
    • Phone: (828) 649-2531
    • Probate Records: 1851
    • Court Records: 1837
    • Divorce Records: call court clerk for details
  • Madison County Tax Assessor / Collector
  • Madison Co. North Carolina County Health Department

Madison County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Madison County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment. This is merely a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to furnish your own most popular Madison County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Madison Co. NC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Madison Co. NC Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Madison Co. NC Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Madison Co. NC Census Records

Madison Co. NC Cemeteries & Graveyards

Madison Co. NC Church & Bible Records

Madison Co. NC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Madison Co. NC General and History Websites

Madison Co. NC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Madison Co. NC Military Records

Madison Co. NC Schools & Directories

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