Guilford County, North Carolina

Guilford County was created on December 5, 1771 from Rowan County and Orange County. This county was named for Francis North, 1st Earl of Guilford (1704–1790), a British politician and father of Prime Minister of Great Britain Frederick North.

The Guilford County Seat is located in Greensboro also, the county government website is countyweb.co.guilford.nc.us/.

Areas bordering to Guilford County are Rockingham County ( north), Alamance County (east), Randolph County (west), Davidson County (southwest), Forsyth County (west).

Cities and towns located in Guilford County include Greensboro, HighPoint, Jamestown, OakRidge, PleasantGarden, Sedalia, Stokesdale, Summerfield, Whitsett, Colfax, BrownsSummit, Gibsonville, Archdale, McLeansville.

Townships located in Guilford County include Bruce, Center Grove, Clay, Deep River, Fentress, Friendship, Gilmer, Greene, High Point, Jamestown, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Morehead, Oak Ridge, Rock Creek, Sumner, and Washington.

Guilford County vital records can be found at the North Carolina Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in North Carolina for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Guilford County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for North Carolina Birth Certificate, Death, Divorce and Marriage Certificate Application to mail.

The North Carolina State Archives has the following vital records: Death Certificates, 1913-1975 (Statewide Index: 1913-1979); microfilmed Indexes to Births and Deaths (except Wake, Durham); Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 (not required by law); Cohabitation Records, 1866-1867; microfilmed Marriage Registers and Indexes; microfilmed Marriage Licenses for many of the counties

Guilford County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules which can guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (incomplete), 1800 (incomplete), 1810 (incomplete), 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Guilford Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Guilford Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Guilford Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Guilford County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Guilford County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Guilford County Courthouse and Government Records


Guilford County Courthouse

Genealogist typically forget about the importance of Guilford County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy information.


Old Guilford County Courthouse

Buried away in North Carolina courthouses and archives everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of the many North Carolina men and women.

The possibilities are excellent that your ancestors have left a detailed record of at least some elements of their lives in the Guilford County court records. Even if your ancestors and forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, contemplate all of the other methods which may have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Guilford County. The years pointed out listed below are the first noted records with this county. The County Courthouse was destroyed in 1781 & 1872 by fire

Please make sure to call the clerk's dept to identify hours, mailing address, fees and other facts just before visiting or asking for information because of many times changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are available to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to undertake the basic research.
  • Guilford County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 201 South Eugene St, Greensboro
  • Guilford County Register of Deeds holds land and vital records if they have not been transferred to the state archives in Raleigh. Land records may include deeds, grants, plats, and other miscellaneous items. houses most birth and death records and marriage licenses for Guilford County.
    • Phone: (336) 641-7556
    • Birth Records: 1913
    • Marriage Records: 1770 
    • Death Records: 1913 
    • Land Records: 1771
  • Guilford County Clerk of Court holds probate records and court records if they have not been transferred to the state archives in Raleigh. Probate records include not only wills, but also loose estates records. Court records may include apprentice bonds, bastardy bonds, and officials' or constables' bonds in addition to dockets, fee and account books, and court minutes and orders. They also have Divorce Records.
    • Phone: (336) 412-7300
    • Probate Records: 1771
    • Court Records: 1774
    • Divorce Records: call court clerk for details
  • Guilford County Tax Assessor / Collector
  • Guilford Co. North Carolina County Health Department

Guilford County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Guilford County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment. This is merely a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to furnish your own most popular Guilford County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Guilford Co. NC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Guilford Co. NC Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Guilford Co. NC Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Guilford Co. NC Census Records

Guilford Co. NC Cemeteries & Graveyards

Guilford Co. NC Church & Bible Records

Guilford Co. NC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Guilford Co. NC General and History Websites

Guilford Co. NC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Guilford Co. NC Military Records

Guilford Co. NC Schools & Directories

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