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Buncombe County,
North Carolina History & Facts

Buncombe County, North Carolina History

When was Buncombe County, NC Created?
Buncombe County was created on December 5, 1791 from Burke County and Rutherford County. This county was named for Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary soldier, who was wounded and captured at the Battle of Germantown, and died a paroled prisoner in Philadelphia.

What is the County Seat of Buncombe County, NC?
The County Seat is located in Asheville also, the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Buncombe County, NC?
Bordering Counties are Madison County (north), Yancey County (northeast), McDowell County (east), Rutherford County (southeast), Henderson County (south), Haywood County (west).

What cities and towns are in Buncombe County, NC?
Cities and towns located in the County include Asheville, Biltmore Forest, Black Mountain, Montreat, Weaverville, Woodfin.

Buncombe County, NC Vital Records

Where can find Buncombe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Buncombe County vital records can be found at the North Carolina Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in North Carolina for current fees and application process.

Birth, death and marriage certificates also may be obtained at the Buncombe County Register of Deeds (ROD) office. Divorce certificates may be obtained from the  Buncombe County clerk of court.

You can search online for Buncombe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for North Carolina Birth Certificate, Death, Divorce and Marriage Certificate Application to mail.

The North Carolina State Archives has the following vital records: Death Certificates, 1913-1975 (Statewide Index: 1913-1979); microfilmed Indexes to Births and Deaths (except Wake, Durham); Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 (not required by law); Cohabitation Records, 1866-1867; microfilmed Marriage Registers and Indexes; microfilmed Marriage Licenses for many of the counties See Also North Carolina Vital Records Research Guide

Buncombe County, NC Census Records

What Buncombe County, NC census records are available?
County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules which can guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1800, 1810 (incomplete), 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Buncombe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Buncombe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Buncombe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also North Carolina Census Records Research Guide

Buncombe County, NC Courthouse and Government Records

Buncombe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Buncombe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Buncombe County. The years pointed out listed below are the first noted records with this county. The County Courthouse was destroyed in 1830 and 1865 by fire, 1800 and 1893 by fire, some early records were destroyed.

Buncombe County, NC Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Buncombe County, NC?
A list of Buncombe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See also a list of Statewide North Carolina Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Buncombe County, NC Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Buncombe County, NC?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Buncombe County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment. This is merely a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Buncombe Co. NC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Buncombe Co. NC Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Buncombe Co. NC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Buncombe Co. NC General and History Websites

Buncombe Co. NC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Buncombe Co. NC Military Records

Buncombe Co. NC Schools & Directories

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