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Ashe County,
North Carolina History & Facts

Ashe County, North Carolina History

When was Ashe County, NC Created?
Ashe County was created on November 18, 1799 from Wilkes County. This county was named for Samuel Ashe (1725–1813), a Revolutionary patriot, superior court judge, and governor of North Carolina.

What is the County Seat of Ashe County, NC?
The County Seat is located in Jefferson also, the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Ashe County, NC?
Bordering Counties are Grayson County, Virginia (north), Alleghany County (east), Wilkes County (southeast), Watauga County (southwest), Johnson County Tennessee (west).

What cities and towns are in Ashe County, NC?
Cities and towns located in the County include Jefferson, Lansing, West Jefferson.

Ashe County, NC Vital Records

Where can find Ashe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Ashe County vital records can be found at the North Carolina Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in North Carolina for current fees and application process.

Birth, death and marriage certificates also may be obtained at the Ashe County Register of Deeds (ROD) office. Divorce certificates may be obtained from the  Ashe County clerk of court.

You can search online for Ashe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for North Carolina Birth Certificate, Death, Divorce and Marriage Certificate Application to mail.

The North Carolina State Archives has the following vital records: Death Certificates, 1913-1975 (Statewide Index: 1913-1979); microfilmed Indexes to Births and Deaths (except Wake, Durham); Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 (not required by law); Cohabitation Records, 1866-1867; microfilmed Marriage Registers and Indexes; microfilmed Marriage Licenses for many of the counties See Also North Carolina Vital Records Research Guide

Ashe County, NC Census Records

What Ashe County, NC census records are available?
County census records consists of Federal Census Schedules which can guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1800, 1810 (incomplete), 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Ashe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Ashe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Ashe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also North Carolina Census Records Research Guide

Ashe County, NC Courthouse and Government Records

Ashe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Ashe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Ashe County. The years pointed out listed below are the first noted records with this county. Courthouse was destroyed in 1865, records fragmented.

Old Ashe County Courthouse

Ashe County, NC Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Ashe County, NC?
A list of Ashe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See also a list of Statewide North Carolina Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Ashe County, NC Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Ashe County, NC?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Ashe County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment. This is merely a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Ashe Co. NC Books, Newspapers & Publications

Ashe Co. NC Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Ashe Co. NC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Ashe Co. NC General and History Websites

Ashe Co. NC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Ashe Co. NC Military Records

Ashe Co. NC Schools & Directories

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