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Tioga County, New York
Genealogy, History & Facts

Tioga County, New York Facts

Tioga County

When was Tioga County, NY Created?
Tioga County was created on February 16, 1791 from Montgomery County. This particular county was named for a Native American word meaning "at the forks", describing a meeting place .

What is the County Seat of Tioga County, NY?
The County Seat is located in Owego and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Tioga County, NY?
Bordering Counties are Cortland County (northeast), Broome County (east), Susquehanna County, PA (southeast), Bradford County, PA (south), Chemung County (west), Tompkins County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Tioga County, NY?
Cities and towns located in the County include Apalachin (hamlet), Barton (town), Berkshire (town), Candor (town), Candor (village), Newark Valley (town), Newark Valley (village), Nichols (town), Nichols (village), Owego (village), Owego (town), Richford (town), Spencer (town), Spencer (village), Tioga (town), Waverly (village).

Tioga County, NY Vital Records

Where can find Tioga County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Tioga County vital records can be found at the New York Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in New York for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Tioga County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for New York Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Tioga County, NY Census Records

What Tioga County, NY census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Tioga County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Tioga Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Tioga Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Tioga Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.

There are New York State censuses from 1880, 1892, 1905, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also New York Census Records Research Guide

Tioga County, NY Courthouse and Government Records

Tioga County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Tioga County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Tioga County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also New York Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Tioga County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 20 Court St., Owego, NY 13827
    • Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
  • Tioga County Clerk  is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
    • Address: 16 Court Street, PO Box 307, Owego, NY 13827
    • Phone: 607-687-8660
    • Land Records: 1791 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
    • Court Records: 1791
    • Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
  • Tioga County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
    • Phone: (607) 687-1303
    • Probate Records: 1798 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
  • Tioga County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
  • Tioga County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
    • Address: 16 Court Street, P.O. Box 307 (Mailing address), Owego, NY 13827
    • Phone: (607) 687-8646
  • New York Wills, 1626-1836
  • BLM Land Records

Tioga County, NY Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Tioga County, NY?
A list of Tioga County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide New York Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Tioga County, NY Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Tioga County, NY?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Tioga County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Tioga Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications

Tioga Co. NY Cemeteries & Church Records

Tioga Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Tioga Co. NY General and History Websites

Tioga Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization

Tioga Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Tioga Co. NY Military Records

Tioga Co. NY Schools & Directories

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