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Schenectady County, New York
Genealogy, History & Facts

Schenectady County, New York Facts

Schenectady County

When was Schenectady County, NY Created?
Schenectady County was created on 1809 from Albany County. This particular county was named for a Mohawk word meaning "on the other side of the pine lands" .

What is the County Seat of Schenectady County, NY?
The County Seat is located in Schenectady and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Schenectady County, NY?
Bordering Counties are Saratoga County (east), Albany County (south), Schoharie County (southwest), Montgomery County (west).

What cities and towns are in Schenectady County, NY?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Schenectady, Duanesburg, Glenville, Niskayuna, Princetown, Rotterdam. Villages include Delanson, Scotia. Hamlets include Alplaus, Duanesburg, Duane Lake, East Glenville, Mariaville Lake, Niskayuna, Pattersonville-Rotterdam Junction, Rotterdam .

Schenectady County, NY Vital Records

Where can find Schenectady County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Schenectady County vital records can be found at the New York Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in New York for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Schenectady County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for New York Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Schenectady County, NY Census Records

What Schenectady County, NY census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Schenectady County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Schenectady Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Schenectady Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Schenectady Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.

There are New York State censuses from 1880, 1892, 1905, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also New York Census Records Research Guide

Schenectady County, NY Courthouse and Government Records

Schenectady County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Schenectady County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Schenectady County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also New York Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Schenectady County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 105 Jay Street, Schenectady, NY 12305
    • Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
  • Schenectady County Clerk  is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
    • Address: 620 State Street, Schenectady, NY 12305
    • Phone: 518.388.4220 
    • Land Records: 1809 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
    • Court Records: 1809
    • Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
  • Schenectady County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
    • Address: 612 State Street, Schenectady, NY 12305
    • Phone: 518.285.8455
    • Probate Records: 1809 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
  • Schenectady County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
  • Schenectady County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
    • Address: c/o County Manager's Office, 620 State Street, Schenectady, NY 12305
    • Phone: (518) 388-4577
  • Abstracts of wills of Schenectady County, N.Y.
  • New York Wills, 1626-1836
  • BLM Land Records

Schenectady County, NY Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Schenectady County, NY?
A list of Schenectady County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide New York Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Schenectady County, NY Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Schenectady County, NY?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Schenectady County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Schenectady Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications

Schenectady Co. NY Cemeteries & Church Records

  • Schenectady Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

    Schenectady Co. NY General and History Websites

    Schenectady Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization

    Schenectady Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

    Schenectady Co. NY Military Records

    Schenectady Co. NY Schools & Directories

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