Essex County, New York
Genealogy, History & Facts
Essex County, New York Facts
When was Essex County, NY Created?
Essex County was created on March 1, 1799 and formed from Clinton County. This particular county was named for the county of Essex in England .
What is the County Seat of Essex County, NY?
The County Seat is located in Elizabethtown and in addition the county government website is www.co.essex.ny.us/
What counties are adjacent to Essex County, NY?
Bordering Counties are Clinton County (north), Chittenden County, VT (northeast), Addison County, VT (east), Washington County (south), Warren County (south), Hamilton County (southwest), Franklin County (northwest).
What cities and towns are in Essex County, NY?
Cities and towns located in the County include Chesterfield (town), Crown Point (town), Elizabethtown (town), Elizabethtown, Essex (town), Jay (town), Keene (town), Keeseville (village), Lake Placid (village), Lewis (town), Minerva (town), Mineville-Witherbee, Moriah (town), Newcomb (town), North Elba (town), North Hudson (town), Port Henry (village), Saranac Lake (village), Schroon (town), St. Armand (town), Ticonderoga (town), Ticonderoga, Westport (town), Willsboro (town), Wilmington (town) .
Essex County, NY Vital Records
Where can find Essex County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Essex County vital records can be found at the New York Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in New York for current fees and application process.
You can search online for Essex County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for New York Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.
- U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007
- Social Security Death Index
- USGenweb Archives New York Marriage Project
- 10,000 Vital Records of Eastern New York, 1777-1834
- 10,000 Vital Records of Central New York, 1813-1850
- 10,000 Vital Records of Western New York, 1809-1850
- New York Births and Christenings, 1640-1962
- New York Marriages to 1784
- New York, County Marriages, 1908-1935
- New York Marriages, 1600-1784
- New York Marriages, 1686-1980
- New York Marriage Notices, 1800-55
- Marriages copied from the Rural repository
- New York, Marriage Newspaper Extracts, 1801-1880 (Barber Collection)
- Names of persons for whom marriage licenses were issued by the secretary of the province of New York, previous to 1784
- New York, Death Newspaper Extracts, 1801-1890 (Barber Collection)
- New York City Deaths, 1814-16
- New York Deaths and Burials, 1795-1952
Essex County, NY Census Records
What Essex County, NY census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Essex County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Essex Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Essex Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Essex Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.
There are New York State censuses from 1880, 1892, 1905, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also New York Census Records Research Guide
Essex County, NY Courthouse and Government Records
Essex County Courthouse
What genealogical records can I find in the Essex County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Essex County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also New York Corthouse Records Research Guide.
PLEASE READ FIRST!!! Please call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of sometimes changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are available to interested parties, barring private issues. Many staff will guide individuals in locating the materials, however it's up to the person to carry out the research.
- Essex County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 7559 Court Street, Elizabethtown, NY 12932
- Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
- Essex County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Phone: 518-873-3600
- Land Records: 1799 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
- Court Records: 1799
- Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
- Essex County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Phone: 518-873-3384
- Probate Records: 1803 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
- Essex County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Essex County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
- Address: 7590 Court Street, Elizabethtown, NY 12932
- Phone: (518) 873-6466
- New York Wills, 1626-1836
- BLM Land Records
Essex County, NY Societies and Family History Resources
What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Essex County, NY?
A list of Essex County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide New York Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.
- Essex County Historical Society / Brewster Memorial Research Library & Archives, 7590 Court St., PO Box 428, Adirondack History Center Museum, Elizabethtown NY, 12932; Telephone: (518) 873-6466
- Clinton Essex Franklin Library System consists of 34 public libraries in the counties of Clinton, Essex, and Franklin. Each library has access to genealogical databases - especially newspaper sites. Many are accessible with your library card from home.
- Adirondack History Center Museum, 7590 Court Street, P.O. Box 428, Elizabethtown, NY 12932, Phone: 518-873-6466,
- Fort Ticonderoga/Thompson-Pell Research Center, Fort Road, Ticonderoga, NY 12883, Phone: 518-585-2821,
- Keene Valley Library Archives, 1796 NYS Rt. 73, Keene Valley, NY 12943, Phone: 518-576-4335,
- Lake Placid Public Library, 2471 Main Street, Lake Placid, NY 12946, Phone: 518-523-3200,
- Penfield Foundation Museum, Ironville Road, Crown Point, NY 12928,
- Sherman Free Libary, 20 Church Street, Port Henry, NY 12974, Phone: 518-546-7461
- Directory of Archival and Historical Document Collections (nnyln.org)
- New York State Archives and Records Administration, 11th Floor, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12230; (518) 474-8955
- New York State Library, Cultural Education Center, 7th Floor, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12230
- The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 122 East 58th Street, New York, New York 10022-1939
- New York State Historical Association, West Lake Road, P.O. Box 800, Cooperstown, New York, 13326-0800
Where can I connect with other Essex County, NY Researchers through message boards and forums?
What other genealogical resources are available in Essex County, NY?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Essex County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.
Essex Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications
Essex Co. NY Cemeteries & Church Records
Essex Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Essex Co. NY General and History Websites
Essex Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization
Essex Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Essex Co. NY Military Records