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Essex County, New York
Genealogy, History & Facts

Essex County, New York Facts

Essex County

When was Essex County, NY Created?
Essex County was created on March 1, 1799 and formed from Clinton County. This particular county was named for the county of Essex in England .

What is the County Seat of Essex County, NY?
The County Seat is located in Elizabethtown and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Essex County, NY?
Bordering Counties are Clinton County (north), Chittenden County, VT (northeast), Addison County, VT (east), Washington County (south), Warren County (south), Hamilton County (southwest), Franklin County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Essex County, NY?
Cities and towns located in the County include Chesterfield (town), Crown Point (town), Elizabethtown (town), Elizabethtown, Essex (town), Jay (town), Keene (town), Keeseville (village), Lake Placid (village), Lewis (town), Minerva (town), Mineville-Witherbee, Moriah (town), Newcomb (town), North Elba (town), North Hudson (town), Port Henry (village), Saranac Lake (village), Schroon (town), St. Armand (town), Ticonderoga (town), Ticonderoga, Westport (town), Willsboro (town), Wilmington (town) .

Essex County, NY Vital Records

Where can find Essex County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Essex County vital records can be found at the New York Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in New York for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Essex County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for New York Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Essex County, NY Census Records

What Essex County, NY census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Essex County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Essex Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Essex Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Essex Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.

There are New York State censuses from 1880, 1892, 1905, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also New York Census Records Research Guide

Essex County, NY Courthouse and Government Records

Essex County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Essex County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Essex County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also New York Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Essex County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 7559 Court Street, Elizabethtown, NY 12932
    • Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
  • Essex County Clerk  is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
    • Phone: 518-873-3600
    • Land Records: 1799 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
    • Court Records: 1799
    • Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
  • Essex County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
    • Phone: 518-873-3384
    • Probate Records: 1803 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
  • Essex County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
  • Essex County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
    • Address: 7590 Court Street, Elizabethtown, NY 12932
    • Phone: (518) 873-6466
  • New York Wills, 1626-1836
  • BLM Land Records

Essex County, NY Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Essex County, NY?
A list of Essex County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide New York Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Essex County, NY Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Essex County, NY?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Essex County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Essex Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications

Essex Co. NY Cemeteries & Church Records

Essex Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Essex Co. NY General and History Websites

Essex Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization

Essex Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Essex Co. NY Military Records

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