Columbia County, New York
Genealogy and Facts
Columbia County, New York genealogy and family tree research page. Discover links to record collections, history, and genealogy sources to assist you to you track your personal Columbia Co. ancestors. Get started by building a Free Family Tree.
Columbia County was created on April 4, 1786 from Albany County. This particular county was named in honor of Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), the European explorer .
The Columbia County Seat can be found in Hudson and in addition the county government website is www.columbiacountyny.com/
Regions neighboring Columbia County include Rensselaer County (north), Berkshire County, MA (east), Dutchess County (south), Ulster County (southwest), Greene County (west), Albany County (northwest), Litchfield County, CT (southeast).
Cities and Towns to be found in Columbia County consists of Ancram (town), Austerlitz (town), Canaan (town), Chatham (town), Chatham (village), Claverack (town), Claverack-Red Mills, Clermont (town), Copake Lake, Copake (town), Gallatin (town), Germantown (town), Ghent (town), Greenport (town), Hillsdale (town), Hudson (city), Kinderhook (town), Kinderhook (village), Livingston (town), Lorenz Park, New Lebanon (town), Niverville, Philmont (village), Stockport (town), Stottville, Stuyvesant (town), Taghkanic (town), Valatie (village).
Columbia County does have Federal Census Schedules to help in looking into your family tree. United states federal Population Schedules are present for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Columbia Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.
Columbia County Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Columbia County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
- New York State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
- Columbia County Historical Society, PO Box 311, Kinderhook, NY 12106; (518) 758-9265
- Columbia County, NY On-Line History, On-Line Historical Archives, This is a growing collection of transcripts, indexes, and photographs related to the history of Columbia County, NY. It includes oral histories and folklore, several gazetteers, federal and state censuses, early probates, deeds, private papers, and more.
- New York Genealogy Research Community (facebook.com)
- Columbia County, New York Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Columbia County
- Columbia County, New York Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Columbia County
- USGenWeb Archives for Columbia County (usgwarchives.net)
Columbia County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers frequently overlook the significance of Columbia County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of family history and genealogy details. Buried away in New York courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the aspirations and worries of the many New York men and women.
The possibilities are excellent that your particular ancestors and forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Columbia County court records. Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, contemplate all of the other procedures that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.
Please make sure to contact the clerk's office to verify hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics prior to visiting or inquiring information because of occasionally changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A good number of staff will help people in locating the resources, however it is up to the person to carry out the research.
The following specifics denotes whatever birth, death, marriage, land, probate, and legal records will be in Columbia County. The years pointed out listed below tend to be the first known records in this county.
- Columbia County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 401 State St., Hudson, NY 12534
- Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
- Columbia County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Phone: ?
- Land Records: 1786 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
- Court Records: 1786
- Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
- Columbia County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Phone: (518) 828-0414
- Probate Records: 1786 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
- Columbia County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Columbia County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
- Address: 490 County Route 10, Germantown, NY 12526; 610 State Street, Hudson, NY 12534
- Phone: (518) 828-3442
- New York Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.
Columbia County Links
The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Columbia County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to suggest your own favorite Columbia County genealogy or family history related sites.
Columbia Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications
Columbia Co. NY Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Columbia Co. NY Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Columbia Co. NY Census Records
Columbia Co. NY Cemeteries & Graveyards
- See Also Statewide Cemetery Records for New York
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Hudson City cemetery, Hudson, Columbia County, N.Y. (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of Columbia County, New York, (search.ancestry.com)
- Deaths copied from the Rural respository (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Village Cemetery, Hillsdale, rear of Herrington and Bell houses N. Hillsdale, Old Cemetery, Hill (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Esselstyne Farm on road from Martindale to Harlemville, Harlemville Methodist Cemetery, Harlemvi (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Boston Corners Cemetery, Boston Corners, Union Cemetery, Ancram, Old Cemetery, Ancram, Vedder Ch (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Germantown Reformed Church Cemetery, Germantown (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the cemetery adjoining the Reformed Church of Linlithgo, town of Livingston (search.ancestry.com)
- Inscriptions from graveyards in the northern part of Columbia County, New York. (search.ancestry.com)
- Marriages and deaths from the Northern whig, published in Hudson, N.Y., 1823-1828 : typescript, (search.ancestry.com)
- Cemetery records of Old Orchard Cemetery, Hillsdale, Columbia County, N.Y. (search.ancestry.com)
- Columbia Co., New York Graves (findagrave.com)
- Columbia County Tombstone Transcription Project (usgwtombstones.org)
- Columbia Co., New York Cemeteries (Internment.net)
- Topographic Cemetery List and Map for Columbia County, New York (topozone.com)
- Columbia Co., New York Cemetery Books (amazon.com)
Columbia Co. NY Church & Bible Records
Columbia Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Columbia Co. NY General and History Websites
Columbia Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization
Columbia Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Columbia Co. NY Military Records
Columbia Co. NY Schools & Directories