Columbia County, New York
Genealogy, History & Facts
Columbia County, New York Facts
When was Columbia County, NY Created?
Columbia County was created on April 4, 1786 from Albany County. This particular county was named in honor of Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), the European explorer .
What is the County Seat of Columbia County, NY?
The County Seat is located in Hudson and in addition the county government website is www.columbiacountyny.com/
What counties are adjacent to Columbia County, NY?
Bordering Counties are Rensselaer County (north), Berkshire County, MA (east), Dutchess County (south), Ulster County (southwest), Greene County (west), Albany County (northwest), Litchfield County, CT (southeast).
What cities and towns are in Columbia County, NY?
Cities and towns located in the County include Ancram (town), Austerlitz (town), Canaan (town), Chatham (town), Chatham (village), Claverack (town), Claverack-Red Mills, Clermont (town), Copake Lake, Copake (town), Gallatin (town), Germantown (town), Ghent (town), Greenport (town), Hillsdale (town), Hudson (city), Kinderhook (town), Kinderhook (village), Livingston (town), Lorenz Park, New Lebanon (town), Niverville, Philmont (village), Stockport (town), Stottville, Stuyvesant (town), Taghkanic (town), Valatie (village).
Columbia County, NY Vital Records
Where can find Columbia County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Columbia County vital records can be found at the New York Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in New York for current fees and application process.
You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for New York Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.
- U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007
- Social Security Death Index
- USGenweb Archives New York Marriage Project
- 10,000 Vital Records of Eastern New York, 1777-1834
- 10,000 Vital Records of Central New York, 1813-1850
- 10,000 Vital Records of Western New York, 1809-1850
- New York Births and Christenings, 1640-1962
- New York Marriages to 1784
- New York, County Marriages, 1908-1935
- New York Marriages, 1600-1784
- New York Marriages, 1686-1980
- New York Marriage Notices, 1800-55
- Marriages copied from the Rural repository
- New York, Marriage Newspaper Extracts, 1801-1880 (Barber Collection)
- Names of persons for whom marriage licenses were issued by the secretary of the province of New York, previous to 1784
- New York, Death Newspaper Extracts, 1801-1890 (Barber Collection)
- New York City Deaths, 1814-16
- New York Deaths and Burials, 1795-1952
Columbia County, NY Census Records
What Columbia County, NY census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Columbia County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Columbia Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.
There are New York State censuses from 1880, 1892, 1905, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also New York Census Records Research Guide
Columbia County, NY Courthouse and Government Records
Columbia County Courthouse
What genealogical records can I find in the Columbia County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Columbia County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also New York Corthouse Records Research Guide.
PLEASE READ FIRST!!! Please call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of sometimes changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are available to interested parties, barring private issues. Many staff will guide individuals in locating the materials, however it's up to the person to carry out the research.
- Columbia County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 401 State St., Hudson, NY 12534
- Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
- Columbia County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Phone: ?
- Land Records: 1786 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
- Court Records: 1786
- Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
- Columbia County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Phone: (518) 828-0414
- Probate Records: 1786 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
- Columbia County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Columbia County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
- Address: 490 County Route 10, Germantown, NY 12526; 610 State Street, Hudson, NY 12534
- Phone: (518) 828-3442
- Calendar of wills of Columbia County, New York
- Chatham & Hudson Monthly Meeting, Columbia County, New York: Quaker Records
- New York Wills, 1626-1836
- BLM Land Records
Columbia County, NY Societies and Family History Resources
What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Columbia County, NY?
A list of Columbia County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide New York Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.
- Columbia County Historical Society, PO Box 311, Kinderhook, NY 12106; (518) 758-9265
- Columbia County, NY On-Line History, On-Line Historical Archives, This is a growing collection of transcripts, indexes, and photographs related to the history of Columbia County, NY. It includes oral histories and folklore, several gazetteers, federal and state censuses, early probates, deeds, private papers, and more.
- New York State Archives and Records Administration, 11th Floor, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12230; (518) 474-8955
- New York State Library, Cultural Education Center, 7th Floor, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12230
- The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 122 East 58th Street, New York, New York 10022-1939
- New York State Historical Association, West Lake Road, P.O. Box 800, Cooperstown, New York, 13326-0800
Where can I connect with other Columbia County, NY Researchers through message boards and forums?
What other genealogical resources are available in Columbia County, NY?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Columbia County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.
Columbia Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications
Columbia Co. NY Cemeteries & Church Records
- New York Cemetery Research Guide (raogk.org)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Hudson City cemetery, Hudson, Columbia County, N.Y. (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of Columbia County, New York, (search.ancestry.com)
- Deaths copied from the Rural respository (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Village Cemetery, Hillsdale, rear of Herrington and Bell houses N. Hillsdale, Old Cemetery, Hill (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Esselstyne Farm on road from Martindale to Harlemville, Harlemville Methodist Cemetery, Harlemvi (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Boston Corners Cemetery, Boston Corners, Union Cemetery, Ancram, Old Cemetery, Ancram, Vedder Ch (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the Germantown Reformed Church Cemetery, Germantown (search.ancestry.com)
- Gravestone inscriptions of the cemetery adjoining the Reformed Church of Linlithgo, town of Livingston (search.ancestry.com)
- Inscriptions from graveyards in the northern part of Columbia County, New York. (search.ancestry.com)
- Marriages and deaths from the Northern whig, published in Hudson, N.Y., 1823-1828 : typescript, (search.ancestry.com)
- Cemetery records of Old Orchard Cemetery, Hillsdale, Columbia County, N.Y. (search.ancestry.com)
- Columbia Co., New York Graves (findagrave.com)
- Columbia County Tombstone Transcription Project (usgwtombstones.org)
- Columbia Co., New York Cemeteries (Internment.net)
- Columbia Co., New York Cemetery Books (amazon.com)
- New York Church & Bible Research Guide (raogk.org)
- Centennial of Christ Church, Hudson, New York : 1802-1902. (search.ancestry.com)
- New York, Family Bible Records, 1581-1917 (search.ancestry.com)
- Columbia County, New York Church Books (amazon.com)
Columbia Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Columbia Co. NY General and History Websites
Columbia Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization
Columbia Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Columbia Co. NY Military Records
Columbia Co. NY Schools & Directories