Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Genealogy and Facts

Hillsborough County

Hillsborough County was founded on March 19, 1771 one of the five original counties identified for New Hampshire in 1769. The county was named in honor of Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire (1718-1793), known in America as the Earl of Hillsborough, who served as the first Secretary of State for the Colonies.

The Hillsborough County Seat is located in Manchester & Nashua and the county government website is http://www.hillsboroughcountynh.org/. The county was organized at Amherst on March 19, 1771. In 1823 a number of towns were removed to become part of Merrimack County. Over several years ending in 1869, county administrative functions were moved from Amherst to the current seats of Manchester and Nashua.

Areas adjacent to Hillsborough County are Sullivan County (northwest), Cheshire County (west), Worcester County, Massachusetts (southwest), Middlesex County, Massachusetts (south), Essex County, Massachusetts (southeast), Rockingham County (east), Merrimack County (north).

Cities and towns (date formed) situated in Hillsborough County are Amherst, Antrim, Bedford, Bennington, Brookline, Deering, Francestown, Goffstown , Greenfield, Greenville, Hancock, Hillsborough, Hollis, Hudson, Litchfield, Lyndeborough, Manchester, Mason, Merrimack , Milford, Mont Vernon, Nashua, New Boston, New Ipswich, Pelham, Peterborough , Sharon, Temple, Weare, Wilton, Windsor

Hillsborough County does have Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. United states federal Population Schedules exist for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Hillsborough Co. Mortality Schedules is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Hillsborough Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be acquired for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Hillsborough Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There is free down-loadable and printable census forms to help with your research.

Hillsborough County Society and Family History Resources

A list of Hillsborough County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

  • New Hampshire State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
  • Antrim Historical Society   PO Box 172, Antrim , NH  03440-0172, Website: www.antrimnh.org/Pages/AntrimNH_About/HistoricalSociety
  • Barrett House/HNE, Phone: 860-928-4074  Forest Hall, Main St, New Ipswich , NH  03071, Website: www.historicnewengland.org
  • Beaver Brook Farm & Transportation Museum, Phone: 603-673-9001   78 Brook Rd, Mont Vernon , NH  03057-1912, Website: beaverbrookmuseum.com 
  • Bedford Historical Society, Phone: 603-471-6336   24 N Amherst Rd, Bedford , NH  03110-5404, Website: www.BedfordhistoricalNH.org
  • Bennington Historical Society, Phone: 603-588-4871   PO Box 50, Bennington , NH  03442-0050
  • Brookline Historical Society  PO Box 595, 17 Meeting House Hill Rd, Brookline , NH  03033-0595, Website: www.geocities.com/brooklinehistorical
  • Currier Museum of Art, Phone: 603-669-6144   201 Myrtle Way, Manchester , NH  03104-4304, Website: www.currier.org
  • Diocesan Museum, Phone: 603-624-1729   153 Ash St # 310, Manchester , NH  03104-4348
  • Francestown Improvement & Historical Society, Phone: 603-547-3600   PO Box 147, Francestown , NH  03043-0147, Website: http://www.francestown.history.org
  • Franco-American Centre, Phone: 603-669-4045   PO Box 994, Manchester , NH  03105-0994, Website: www.facnh.com,
  • Frye Measure Mill, Phone: 603-654-6581   12 Frye Mill Rd, Wilton , NH  03086, Website: www.fryesmeasuremill.com
  • Goffstown Historical Society, Phone: 603-497-4306, Fax: Address:  18 Parker Station Road, P.O. Box 284, Goffstown , NH  03045-0284, Website: www.rootsweb.com/~nhghs/
  • Greenfield NH Historical Society, Contact:  , Greenfield , NH  03047
  • Greenville Historical Society  c/o Marshall Buttrick, 240 Adams Hill Rd, Greenville , NH  03048-3005
  • Hancock Historical Society, Phone: 603-525-9379   PO Box 138, Hancock , NH  03449-0138, Website: www.hancocknh.org/hhs
  • Hillsborough Heritage Museum, Phone: 603-464-3090   PO Box 896, Hillsborough , NH  03244-0896, Website: http://www.historic-hillsborough-nh.org/
  • Hillsborough Historical Society, Phone: 603-478-3165   PO Box 896, Hillsborough , NH  03244-0896
  • Historical Society of Amherst, NH, Contact:  PO Box 717, 17 Middle St, Amherst , NH  03031-0717, Website: www.hsanh.org
  • Hollis Historical Society, Phone: 603-465-3935   PO Box 754, Hollis , NH  03049-0754, Website: www.hollis-history.org
  • Hudson Historical Society, Phone: 603-880-2020  PO Box 475, 211 Derry Rd, Hudson , NH  03051-0475
  • Lawrence L. Lee Scouting Museum, Phone: 603-669-8919   571 Holt Ave, Manchester , NH  03109-5213, Website: www.scoutingmuseum.org 
  • Litchfield Historical Society   168 Charles Bancroft Hwy, Litchfield , NH  03052-2467
  • Lyndeborough Historical Society, Phone: 603-654-9054   1325 Center Rd, Lyndeborough , NH  03082-6111
  • Manchester Historic Association, Phone: 603-622-7531   129 Amherst St, Manchester , NH  03101-1809, Website: www.manchesterhistoric.org
  • Mariposa Museum of World Culture, Phone: 603-924-4555   26 Main St, Peterborough , NH  03485-2420, Website: www.mariposamuseum.org
  • Mason Historical Society, Phone: 603-878-2070   16 Darling Hill Rd, Mason , NH  03048-9600,
  • Merrimack Historical Society  PO Box 1525, 520 Boston Post Rd, Merrimack , NH  03054-1525, Website: merrimackhistory.org
  • Milford Historical Society, Phone: 603-673-3385   PO Box 609, Milford , NH  03055-0609, Website: www.milfordhistory.com 
  • Mont Vernon Historical Society, Phone: 603-673-2886   PO Box 15, Mont Vernon , NH  03057-0015appt., Admission free,
  • New Boston Historical Society, Phone: 603-487-3379   Central Sq, New Boston , NH  03070, Website: www.newbostonhistoricalsociety.com/
  • New Ipswich Historical Society, Contact:, Phone: 603-878-4450   PO Box 422, New Ipswich , NH  03071-0422, Website: www.newipswich.org
  • Pelham Historical Society, Contact: William T. Hayes,    5 Main St, Pelham , NH  03076-3722, Website: www.pelhamnhhistory.org
  • Peterborough Historical Society, Phone: 603-924-3235  PO Box 58, 19 Grove St, Peterborough , NH  03458-0058, Website: peterboroughhistory.org
  • Temple Historical Society, Phone: 603-878-3100   PO Box 114, Temple , NH  03084-0114
  • The Nashua Historical Society, Phone: 603-598-5196   5 Abbott St, Nashua , NH  03064-2119, Website: www.nashuahistoricalsociety.org
  • U.S. Marconi Museum, Phone: 603-472-8312   18 N Amherst Rd, Bedford , NH  03110-5404, Website: www.marconiusa.org
  • Weare Historical Society   PO Box 33, Weare , NH  03281-0033, Website: www.wearehistoricalsociety.org
  • Wilton Historical Society, Phone: 603-654-9681  c/o Jane Bergeron, Treas., 120 Marden Rd, Wilton , NH  03086-5323, Website: www.wiltonlibrarynh.org/Heritage Commission/home.htm
  • Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Hillsborough County
  • Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Hillsborough County
  • USGenWeb Archives for Hillsborough County (usgwarchives.net)

Hillsborough County Courthouse and Government Records

Genealogist frequently forget about the great importance of Hillsborough County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of ancestry and genealogy information. Hidden away in New Hampshire courthouses and archives just about everywhere tend to be the hopes and dreams and worries of the many New Hampshire citizens.

The odds are excellent that your particular forefathers have left a in-depth record of at least some elements of their lives in the Hillsborough County court records. Even if your ancestors and forefathers is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods which often can have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

Please speak to the clerk's dept to verify hours, mailing address, fees and other facts in advance of visiting or inquiring about information because of occasionally changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Many workers will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the person to complete the research.

The following facts indicates whatever birth, death, marriage, property, wills, and courtroom records are typically in Hillsborough County. The years indicated below are considered the first noted records data in this county.

Hillsborough County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Hillsborough County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is simply a collection that has been collected or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to furnish your own most liked Hillsborough County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Hillsborough Co. NH Books, Newspapers & Publications

Hillsborough Co. NH Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Hillsborough Co. NH Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Hillsborough Co. NH Census Records

Hillsborough Co. NH Cemeteries & Graveyards

Hillsborough Co. NH Church & Bible Records

Hillsborough Co. NH Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Hillsborough Co. NH General and History Websites

Hillsborough Co. NH Immigration & Naturalization

Hillsborough Co. NH Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Hillsborough Co. NH Military Records

Hillsborough Co. NH Schools & Directories

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