Esmeralda County, Nevada
Genealogy and Facts

Esmeralda County

Esmeralda County was formed on November 25, 1861 as an original county in the Nevada Territory. The county was named for the Esmeralda Mining District, named in turn for the legend that a massive amount of emeralds was buried in what is now Nevada. Esmeralda is the Spanish and Portuguese word for emerald..

The Esmeralda County Seat can be found in Goldfield and the county government website is http://www.accessesmeralda.com/

Places adjacent to Esmeralda County are Mineral County (northeast), Nye County (northeast), Inyo County, California (south), Mono County, California (west).

Cities and towns situated in Esmeralda County are made up of Goldfield, Dyer, Silver Peak.

Esmeralda County has Federal Census Schedules to assist in finding out about your family tree. Federal government Population Schedules can be found for 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Esmeralda Co. Mortality Schedules is available for 1870 and 1880. Esmeralda Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be found for 1870 and 1880. Esmeralda Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to aid with your research.

Esmeralda County Society and Family History Resources

A list of Esmeralda County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Esmeralda County Courthouse and Government Records

Genealogist often forget about the advantages of Esmeralda County court, probate, and land records as a useful resource of genealogical details. Hidden away in Nevada courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the dreams and worries of many Nevada residents.

The chances are very good that your chosen ancestors and forefathers have left a in-depth document of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Esmeralda County court records. Even if your forebears is not referred to in a Court case, take into account all of the other procedures that could have lead to him or her to appear in court records.

Remember to call the clerk's department to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics just before visiting or inquiring information because of sometimes changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Many staff will aid men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the man or women to carry out the researching.

The following information and facts shows whatever birth, death, marriage, property, probate, and legal records are typically in Esmeralda County. The dates suggested listed below are the first recognized records data in this county.

  • Esmeralda County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 231 Crook St, Goldfield, NV 89013
    • Phone: 775) 485-6309
  • Esmeralda County Recorder is responsible for the recordation, scanning/microfilming, indexing and permanent storage of all Real Estate Transactions, Mining Claim Locations, Assessment work, Contracts, Leases, Judgments, Marriage Certificates, Fixture Filing Statements, Liens, Maps and all other Miscellaneous Documents. 
    • Birth / Death Records: 1887
    • Land Records: 1863
  • Esmeralda County Clerk is responsible for the issuance of all marriage licenses in the County.
    • Marriage Records: 1871
  • Esmeralda County Clerk of District Court has jurisdiction over all Regular, Civil, Criminal, Probate, and Family courts.
    • Probate Records: 1881 
    • Court Records: 1864 
  • Nevada Office of Vital Records has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Nevada for current fees and application process. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.

Esmeralda County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources pertaining to Esmeralda County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is merely a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to suggest your own preferred Esmeralda County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Esmeralda Co. NV Books, Newspapers & Publications

Esmeralda Co. NV Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Esmeralda Co. NV Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Esmeralda Co. NV Census Records

Esmeralda Co. NV Cemeteries & Graveyards

Esmeralda Co. NV Church & Bible Records

Esmeralda Co. NV Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Esmeralda Co. NV General and History Websites

Esmeralda Co. NV Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Esmeralda Co. NV Military Records

Esmeralda Co. NV Schools & Directories

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