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St. Francois County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

St. Francois County, Missouri Facts

StFrancois County

When was St. Francois County, MO Created?
St. Francois County was created on December 19, 1821 from Jefferson County, Ste. Genevieve County and Washington County. The county was named in honor of St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182–1226), a Catholic deacon and the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans.

What is the County Seat of St. Francois County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Farmington and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to St. Francois County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Jefferson County (north), St. Genevieve County (east), Perry County (southeast), Madison County (south), Iron County (southwest), Washington County (west).

What cities and towns are in St. Francois County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Bismarck, Blackwell, Bonne Terre, Cantwell, Desloge, Doe Run, Farmington, Frankclay, French Village, Haggai (historical), Iron Mountain, Iron Mountain Lake, Knob Lick, Leadington, Leadwood, Middle Brook, Park Hills, Terre du Lac.

St. Francois County, MO Vital Records

Where can find St. Francois County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
St. Francois County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for St. Francois County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the St. Francois County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

St. Francois County, MO Census Records

What St. Francois County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for St. Francois County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

St. Francois Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. St. Francois Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. St. Francois Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. St. Francois Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

St. Francois County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

St. Francois County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the St. Francois County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in St. Francois County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • St. Francois County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1 North Washington Street, Farmington, Missouri 63640
  • St. Francois County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Address: 1 West Liberty Street, Annex Building, Farmington, Missouri 63640
    • Phone: 573-756-2323
    • Marriage Records: 1836 (including Index to marriage records, 1901 -1924; Marriage records, 1836-1918; Application for marriage license, 1900-1916; Negro/colored mar­riage records, 1865-1898) 
    • Land Records: 1822 (including Index to deeds, 1822-1890; Deed records, 1822-1893) 
  • St. Francois County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: 1-573-756-3623
    • Probate Records: 1822  (including Probate records, 1843-1886; Probate min­utes, 1879-1894; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1822-1903; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1855-1880; Settle­ment records, 1859-1903; Will records, 1822-1916) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1822 (including Index to circuit court records, 1857-1866; Circuit court records, 1822-1887) 
  • St. Francois County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Address: 1 West Liberty Street, Annex Building, Farmington, Missouri 63640
    • Phone: 573-756-5411
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883–93 (including Register of births and stillbirths, 1883-1885; Permanent record of births, 1883-1893; Register of deaths, 1883-1885; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1890; Register of births and deaths, 1924-1931; State census, 1876) 
  • St. Francois County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

St. Francois County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for St. Francois County, MO?
A list of St. Francois County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other St. Francois County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in St. Francois County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to St. Francois County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

St. Francois Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

St. Francois Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

St. Francois Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

St. Francois Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

St. Francois Co. MO General and History Websites

St. Francois Co. MO Military Records

St. Francois Co. MO Schools & Directories

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