Saline County, Missouri
Genealogy and Facts

Saline County

Saline County was created on November 25, 1820 (effective January 1, 1821) from Cooper County. The county was named for the local hot springs.

The Saline County Seat is situated in Marshall and in addition the county government website is unknown

Areas surrounding Saline County include Carroll County (northwest), Chariton County (northeast), Howard County (east), Cooper County (southeast), Pettis County (south), Lafayette County (west).

Cities and towns to be found in Saline County include Arrow Rock, Blackburn, Emma, Gilliam, Grand Pass, Malta Bend, Marshall, Miami, Mount Leonard, Napton, Nelson, Slater, Sweet Springs.

Saline County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process

You can search online for Saline County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Saline County has Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Saline Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Saline Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Saline Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Saline Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Saline County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Saline County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

  • Missouri State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
  • Saline County Historical Society, 101 Lafayette Avenue, Marshall, MO 65340; Phone: (660)886-7546
  • Blackburn Historical Society, R.R. 1 Box 129, Blackburn, MO 65321, Phone: (660) 538-4639
  • Brown County Historical Association, 310 N Mulberry, Sweet Springs, MO 65351, Ph: (660) 335-4667
  • Friends of Arrow Rock, P.O. Box 124, 309 Main Street, Arrow Rock, MO 65320; Phone: (660) 837-3231
  • West Central Missouri Genealogical Society and Library, 705 Broad Street , Warrensburg, MO 64093-2032 ; Phone: (660) 747-6264
  • Friends of Miami, P.O. Box 26, 500 North Main Str, Miami, MO 65344; Ph: (660) 852-3396
  • Saline County, Missouri Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Saline County
  • Saline County, Missouri Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Saline County
  • USGenWeb Archives for Saline County

Saline County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers frequently forget about the value of Saline County court, probate, and land files as a source of family history and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the ambitions and worries of many Missouri residents.

The odds are great that your potential ancestors have left a comprehensive record of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Saline County court records. Even if your forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other procedures which often can have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Saline county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for this county which may include records of land, estates, taxes, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, court records, and so forth. In August 1864 the courthouse burned as a result of Civil War activity.

You need to call the clerk's dept to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other facts before visiting or looking for information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will guide men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the particular person to complete the research.
  • Saline County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 101 E. Arrow, Marshall, MO 65340
  • Saline County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 660-886-2677
    • Marriage Records: 1835 (including Index to marriage records, 1881-1926; Marriage records, 1835-1920; Negro/colored marriage records, 1865-1870) 
    • Land Records: 1821 (including Index to deeds, 1821-1885; Deed records, 1821-1891) 
  • Saline County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (660) 886-2300
    • Probate Records: 1821  (including Index to probate records, 1821 -1891; Probate records, 1821-1886; Probate variety book, 1821-1833; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1875-1903; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1855-1873 and 1876-1887; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1858-1873; Will records, 1837-1922) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1821 (including Index to circuit court records, 1821 -1888; Circuit court records, 1821-1886) 
  • Saline County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (660) 886-3331
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883–85 (including Permanent record of births, 1883-1 885; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1885; Common pleas records, 1869-1874; Chancery records, 1837-1851) 
  • Saline County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Saline County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980

Saline County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Saline County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to present your own most liked Saline County genealogy or family history related sites.

Saline Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Saline Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Saline Co. MO Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Saline Co. MO Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Saline Co. MO Census Records

Saline Co. MO Cemeteries & Graveyards

Saline Co. MO Church & Bible Records

Saline Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Saline Co. MO General and History Websites

Saline Co. MO Military Records

Saline Co. MO Schools & Directories

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