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Saline County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Saline County, Missouri Facts

Saline County

When was Saline County, MO Created?
Saline County was created on November 25, 1820 (effective January 1, 1821) from Cooper County. The county was named for the local hot springs.

What is the County Seat of Saline County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Marshall and in addition the county government website is unknown

What counties are adjacent to Saline County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Carroll County (northwest), Chariton County (northeast), Howard County (east), Cooper County (southeast), Pettis County (south), Lafayette County (west).

What cities and towns are in Saline County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Arrow Rock, Blackburn, Emma, Gilliam, Grand Pass, Malta Bend, Marshall, Miami, Mount Leonard, Napton, Nelson, Slater, Sweet Springs.

Saline County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Saline County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Saline County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Saline County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Saline County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Saline County, MO Census Records

What Saline County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Saline County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Saline Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Saline Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Saline Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Saline Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Saline County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Saline County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Saline County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Saline County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Saline County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 101 E. Arrow, Marshall, MO 65340
  • Saline County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 660-886-2677
    • Marriage Records: 1835 (including Index to marriage records, 1881-1926; Marriage records, 1835-1920; Negro/colored marriage records, 1865-1870) 
    • Land Records: 1821 (including Index to deeds, 1821-1885; Deed records, 1821-1891) 
  • Saline County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (660) 886-2300
    • Probate Records: 1821  (including Index to probate records, 1821 -1891; Probate records, 1821-1886; Probate variety book, 1821-1833; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1875-1903; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1855-1873 and 1876-1887; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1858-1873; Will records, 1837-1922) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1821 (including Index to circuit court records, 1821 -1888; Circuit court records, 1821-1886) 
  • Saline County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (660) 886-3331
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883–85 (including Permanent record of births, 1883-1 885; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1885; Common pleas records, 1869-1874; Chancery records, 1837-1851) 
  • Saline County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Saline County, Missouri: 1876 Taxpayers and Biographies
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Saline County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Saline County, MO?
A list of Saline County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Saline County Historical Society, 101 Lafayette Avenue, Marshall, MO 65340; Phone: (660)886-7546
  • Blackburn Historical Society, R.R. 1 Box 129, Blackburn, MO 65321, Phone: (660) 538-4639
  • Brown County Historical Association, 310 N Mulberry, Sweet Springs, MO 65351, Ph: (660) 335-4667
  • Friends of Arrow Rock, P.O. Box 124, 309 Main Street, Arrow Rock, MO 65320; Phone: (660) 837-3231
  • West Central Missouri Genealogical Society and Library, 705 Broad Street , Warrensburg, MO 64093-2032 ; Phone: (660) 747-6264
  • Friends of Miami, P.O. Box 26, 500 North Main Str, Miami, MO 65344; Ph: (660) 852-3396
  • Missouri State Archives, Missouri State Information Center; P.O. Box 1747, 600 West Main Str, Jefferson City, MO 65102
  • Missouri State Library – 600 West Main Street, Jefferson City, MO 65101; (573) 751-4936
  • Missouri Historical Society, P.O. Box 11940, St. Louis 63112-0040
  • Missouri State Genealogical Association, P.O. Box 833, Columbia, MO 65205-0833

Where can I connect with other Saline County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Saline County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Saline County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Saline Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Saline Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Saline Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Saline Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Saline Co. MO General and History Websites

Saline Co. MO Military Records

Saline Co. MO Schools & Directories

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