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Randolph County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Randolph County, Missouri Facts

Randolph County

When was Randolph County, MO Created?
Randolph County was created on January 22, 1829 from Chariton County and Ralls County. The county was named in honor of John Randolph of Roanoke (1773–1833), a leader in Congress from Virginia and spokesman for the "Old Republican" .

What is the County Seat of Randolph County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Huntsville and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Randolph County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Macon County (north), Monroe County (east), Audrain County (southeast), Boone County (southeast), Howard County (south), Chariton County (west).

What cities and towns are in Randolph County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Cairo, Clark, Clifton Hill, Higbee, Huntsville, Jacksonville, Moberly, Renick.

Randolph County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Randolph County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Randolph County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Randolph County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Randolph County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Randolph County, MO Census Records

What Randolph County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Randolph County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Randolph Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Randolph Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Randolph Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Randolph Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Randolph County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Randolph County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Randolph County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Randolph County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Randolph County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 110 S Main St, Huntsville, MO 65259
  • Randolph County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: (660) 277-4718 or (660) 277-5822
    • Marriage Records: 1829 (including Index to marriage records, 1829-1895; Marriage records, 1829-1917; Register of marriage license, 1883-1908) 
    • Land Records: 1841 (including Index to deeds, 1829-1886; Deed records, 1841-1893) 
  • Randolph County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: 660-277- 4601 or 660-277-5822
    • Probate Records: 1829  (including Index to probate records, 1829-1888; Pro­bate records, 1829-1888; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1873-1926; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1855-1899; Settlement records, 1843-1854 and 1858-1890; Index to will records, 1877-1914; Will records, 1836-1920) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1858 (including Circuit court records, 1858-1891) 
  • Randolph County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (660) 277-4717 or (660) 277-5822
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883–89 (including Permanent record of births, 1883-1889; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1889; Common pleas records, 1875-1879 and 1882-1886) 
  • Randolph County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Randolph County, Missouri Administration and Wills: 1836-1858
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Randolph County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Randolph County, MO?
A list of Randolph County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Randolph County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Randolph County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Randolph County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Randolph Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Randolph Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Randolph Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Randolph Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Randolph Co. MO General and History Websites

Randolph Co. MO Military Records

Randolph Co. MO Schools & Directories

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