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Osage County, Missouri

Osage County

Osage County was created on January 29, 1841 from Gasconade County. The county was named for the Osage River, a 360 miles (580 km) long tributary of the Missouri River in central Missouri; the name of the river is probably derived from a French corruption of "Washazhe" – the name of the Osage Native Americans .

The Osage County Seat is situated in Linn and in addition the county government website is

Areas surrounding Osage County include Callaway County (north), Gasconade County (east), Maries County (south), Miller County (southwest), Cole County (west).

Cities and towns to be found in Osage County include Argyle, Belle, Bonnots Mill, Chamois, Folk, Frankenstein, Freeburg, Koeltztown, Linn, Loose Creek, Meta, Rich Fountain, Westphalia.

Osage County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process./p>

You can search online for Osage County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Osage County has Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Osage Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Osage Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Osage Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Osage Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Osage County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Osage County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Osage County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers frequently forget about the value of Osage County court, probate, and land files as a source of family history and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the ambitions and worries of many Missouri residents.

The odds are great that your potential ancestors have left a comprehensive record of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Osage County court records. Even if your forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other procedures which often can have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The following facts denotes exactly what marriage, birth, death, property, probate, and legal records can be found in Osage County. The years suggested below are the first known records data with this county. A fire on November 14, 1880, damaged the courthouse. Fire destroyed the courthouse October 30, 1922.

You need to call the clerk's dept to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other facts before visiting or looking for information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will guide men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the particular person to complete the research.
  • Osage County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 205 E. MAIN STREET, LINN, MO 65051
  • Osage County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 573-897-3095
    • Marriage Records: 1841 (including Marriage records, 1841-1920) 
    • Land Records: 1841 (including Index to deeds, 1841-1886; Deed records, 1841-1889) 
  • Osage County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: 573-897-3114
    • Probate Records: 1841  (including Index to probate records, 1841 -1895; Probate records, 1841-1892; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1841-1923; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1870-1898; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1887-1894; Will records, 1841-1916) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1841 (including Index to circuit court records, 1841-1905; Circuit court records, 1841-1890) 
  • Osage County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (573) 897-2139 Ext. 110
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883-98 (including Permanent record of births, 1883-1895; Register of births and stillbirths, 1883-1898; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1893; Register of deaths, 1883-1894; County court records, 1841-1856; State census, 1876; Tax books, 1844, 1856-1862 and 1865; Land owner’s list, 1844) 
  • Osage County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Osage County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980

Osage County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Osage County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to present your own most liked Osage County genealogy or family history related sites.

Osage Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Osage Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Osage Co. MO Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Osage Co. MO Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Osage Co. MO Census Records

Osage Co. MO Cemeteries & Graveyards

Osage Co. MO Church & Bible Records

Osage Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Osage Co. MO General and History Websites

Osage Co. MO Military Records

Osage Co. MO Schools & Directories

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