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Montgomery County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Montgomery County, Missouri Facts

Montgomery County

When was Montgomery County, MO Created?
Montgomery County was created on December 14, 1818 (effective January 1, 1819) from St. Charles County. The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery (1738–1775), an Irish-born soldier who first served in the British Army and later became a brigadier-general in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.

What is the County Seat of Montgomery County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Montgomery City and in addition the county government website is unknown

What counties are adjacent to Montgomery County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Audrain County (northwest), Pike County (northeast), Lincoln County (east), Warren County (southeast), Gasconade County (south), Callaway County (west).

What cities and towns are in Montgomery County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Bellflower, Bluffton, Buell, High Hill, Jonesburg, McKittrick, Middletown, Mineola, Montgomery City, New Florence, Rhineland, Wellsville.

Montgomery County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Montgomery County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Montgomery County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Montgomery County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Montgomery County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Montgomery County, MO Census Records

What Montgomery County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Montgomery County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Montgomery Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Montgomery Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Montgomery Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Montgomery Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Montgomery County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Montgomery County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Montgomery County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Montgomery County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Montgomery County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 211 E. Third, Montgomery City, MO 63361
  • Montgomery County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 573-564-3157
    • Marriage Records: 1864 (including Index to marriage records, 1873-1933; Marriage records, 1864-1922; Negro/colored marriage records, 1865-1881) 
    • Land Records: 1839 (including Index to deeds, 1864-1975; Deed records, 1866-1930 [Note: Copies of the original early deeds are in Jones Abstract Company in Montgomery City.]*; Supplied deeds, 1839-1900) 
  • Montgomery County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (573) 564-3341
    • Probate Records:1839  (including Index to probate records, 1889-1900; Will records, 1889-1922) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: ?
  • Montgomery County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (573) 564-3357
    • Birth & Death Records: ? (including State census 1876)
  • Montgomery County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Montgomery County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Montgomery County, MO?
A list of Montgomery County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Montgomery Co Genealogical Society, 112 W Second Street, Montgomery City, MO 63361
  • Montgomery Co Historical Society, 112 W 2nd Str, Montgomery City, MO 63361; Ph: (573) 564-2370
  • Prairie Life Historical Foundation, P.O. Box 52, 300 N 2nd Str, Wellsville, MO 63384; Ph: (573) 648-2743
  • Missouri State Archives, Missouri State Information Center; P.O. Box 1747, 600 West Main Str, Jefferson City, MO 65102
  • Missouri State Library – 600 West Main Street, Jefferson City, MO 65101; (573) 751-4936
  • Missouri Historical Society, P.O. Box 11940, St. Louis 63112-0040
  • Missouri State Genealogical Association, P.O. Box 833, Columbia, MO 65205-0833

Where can I connect with other Montgomery County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Montgomery County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Montgomery County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Montgomery Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Montgomery Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Montgomery Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Montgomery Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Montgomery Co. MO General and History Websites

Montgomery Co. MO Military Records

Montgomery Co. MO Schools & Directories

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