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Monroe County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, Missouri Facts

Monroe County

When was Monroe County, MO Created?
Monroe County was created on January 6, 1831 from Ralls County. The county was named in honor of James Monroe (1758–1831), fifth President of the United States who crafted the Missouri Compromise.

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Paris and in addition the county government website is unknown

What counties are adjacent to Monroe County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Shelby County (north), Marion County (northeast), Ralls County (east), Audrain County (south), Randolph County (west).

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Florida, Holliday, Madison, Monroe City, Paris, Santa Fe, Stoutsville.

Monroe County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Monroe County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Monroe County, MO Census Records

What Monroe County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Monroe Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 300 N. Main, Paris, MO 65275
  • Monroe County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 660-327-1131
    • Marriage Records: 1831 (including Marriage records, 1831-1918; Negro/colored marriage records,1865-1881) 
    • Land Records: 1831 (including Index to deeds, 1831-1889; Deed records, 1831-1899) 
  • Monroe County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (660) 327-5204
    • Probate Records: 1832  (including Probate records, 1835-1887; Index to administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1857-1972; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1860-1903; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1854-1888; Settlement records, 1832-1889; Index to will records, 1834-1975; Will records, 1832-1927) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1831 (including Circuit court records, 1831-1887) 
  • Monroe County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (660) 327-5106
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883-85 (including Permanent record of births, 1883-1 885; Register of births and stillbirths, 1883-1885; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1885; Register of deaths, 1883-1885)
  • Monroe County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Monroe County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, MO?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Monroe Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Monroe Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. MO General and History Websites

Monroe Co. MO Military Records

Monroe Co. MO Schools & Directories

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