Mississippi County, Missouri

Mississippi County

Mississippi County was created on February 14, 1845 from Scott County. The county was named for the Mississippi River, the second-longest river in the United States which forms Missouri's eastern border .

The Mississippi County Seat is situated in Charleston and in addition the county government website is www.misscomo.net/

Areas surrounding Mississippi County include Alexander County, Illinois (north), Ballard County, Kentucky (northeast), Carlisle County, Kentucky (east), Hickman County, Kentucky (southeast), Fulton County, Kentucky (south), New Madrid County (southwest), Scott County (northwest).

Cities and towns to be found in Mississippi County include Anniston, Bird's Point, Bertrand, Charleston, Deventer, Dorena, East Prairie, Miner, Pinhook, Wilson City, Wolf Island, Wyatt.

Mississippi County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process

You can search online for Mississippi County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Mississippi County has Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Mississippi Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Mississippi Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Mississippi Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Mississippi Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Mississippi County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Mississippi County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Mississippi County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers frequently forget about the value of Mississippi County court, probate, and land files as a source of family history and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the ambitions and worries of many Missouri residents.

The odds are great that your potential ancestors have left a comprehensive record of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Mississippi County court records. Even if your forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other procedures which often can have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Mississippi county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for this county which may include records of land, estates, taxes, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, court records, and so forth. Courthouse reportedly burned in 1891, Record loss unknown. The Courthouse burned, Monday, Feb. 10, 1997. Extensive damage done to records. Joan T. Feezor of CA emailed me and stated "I just wanted to update the information on the MIssissippi County MO courthouse fire. While the courthouse was gutted and later demolished, 98% of county records were saved. The Office of Secretary of State, Local Records Program, spent over nine weeks pulling records from the courthouse site. The records were dried using a variety of techniques. Since I was an archivist with the Local Records Program and lived one mile from the courthouse, I was the supervising archivist who oversaw the project. Please inform genealogists and other researchers that the records still exist."

You need to call the clerk's dept to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other facts before visiting or looking for information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will guide men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the particular person to complete the research.
  • Mississippi County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 200 N Main St., Charleston, MO 63834
  • Mississippi County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 573-683-2146 ext 226
    • Marriage Records: 1845 (including Marriage records, 1845-1916) 
    • Land Records: 1823 (including Index to deeds, 1823-1895; Deed records, 1823-1891; Sheriff’s deeds, 1879-1920) 
  • Mississippi County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (573)-683-2146 Option 1
    • Probate Records: 1845  (including Index to probate records, 1845-1872; Pro­bate records, 1845-1889; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1859-1867; Proof of publication, notices and affidavits, 1867-1868; Set­tlement records, 1847-1889; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1851-1873; Will records, 1859-1940) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1845 (including Index to circuit court records, 1845-1926; Circuit court records, 1845-1927) 
  • Mississippi County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (573)-683-2146 Ext. 221 or 223
    • Birth & Death Records: ?
  • Mississippi County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Mississippi County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980

Mississippi County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Mississippi County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to present your own most liked Mississippi County genealogy or family history related sites.

Mississippi Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Mississippi Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Mississippi Co. MO Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Mississippi Co. MO Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Mississippi Co. MO Census Records

Mississippi Co. MO Cemeteries & Graveyards

Mississippi Co. MO Church & Bible Records

Mississippi Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Mississippi Co. MO General and History Websites

Mississippi Co. MO Military Records

Mississippi Co. MO Schools & Directories

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