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Mississippi County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Mississippi County, Missouri Facts

Mississippi County

When was Mississippi County, MO Created?
Mississippi County was created on February 14, 1845 from Scott County. The county was named for the Mississippi River, the second-longest river in the United States which forms Missouri's eastern border .

What is the County Seat of Mississippi County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Charleston and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Mississippi County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Alexander County, Illinois (north), Ballard County, Kentucky (northeast), Carlisle County, Kentucky (east), Hickman County, Kentucky (southeast), Fulton County, Kentucky (south), New Madrid County (southwest), Scott County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Mississippi County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Anniston, Bird's Point, Bertrand, Charleston, Deventer, Dorena, East Prairie, Miner, Pinhook, Wilson City, Wolf Island, Wyatt.

Mississippi County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Mississippi County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Mississippi County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Mississippi County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Mississippi County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Mississippi County, MO Census Records

What Mississippi County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Mississippi County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Mississippi Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Mississippi Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Mississippi Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Mississippi Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Mississippi County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Mississippi County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Mississippi County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Mississippi County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Mississippi County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 200 N Main St., Charleston, MO 63834
  • Mississippi County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 573-683-2146 ext 226
    • Marriage Records: 1845 (including Marriage records, 1845-1916) 
    • Land Records: 1823 (including Index to deeds, 1823-1895; Deed records, 1823-1891; Sheriff’s deeds, 1879-1920) 
  • Mississippi County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (573)-683-2146 Option 1
    • Probate Records: 1845  (including Index to probate records, 1845-1872; Pro­bate records, 1845-1889; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1859-1867; Proof of publication, notices and affidavits, 1867-1868; Set­tlement records, 1847-1889; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1851-1873; Will records, 1859-1940) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1845 (including Index to circuit court records, 1845-1926; Circuit court records, 1845-1927) 
  • Mississippi County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (573)-683-2146 Ext. 221 or 223
    • Birth & Death Records: ?
  • Mississippi County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Mississippi County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Mississippi County, MO?
A list of Mississippi County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Mississippi County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Mississippi County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Mississippi County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Mississippi Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Mississippi Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Mississippi Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Mississippi Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Mississippi Co. MO General and History Websites

Mississippi Co. MO Military Records

Mississippi Co. MO Schools & Directories

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