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Cooper County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Cooper County, Missouri Facts

Cooper County

When was Cooper County, MO Created?
Cooper County was created on December 17, 1818 from Howard County (effective February 1, 1819). The county was named in honor of Sarshel Benjamin Cooper, pioneering settler .

What is the County Seat of Cooper County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Boonville and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Cooper County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Howard County (north), Boone County (northeast), Moniteau County (southeast), Morgan County (south), Pettis County (west), Saline County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Cooper County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Blackwater, Boonville, Bunceton, Otterville, Pilot Grove, Prairie Home, Windsor Place, Wooldridge, Clifton City, Speed.

What Townships are in Cooper County, MO?
Townships located in the County include Blackwater, Boonville, Clark Fork, Clear Creek, Kelly, Lamine, Lebanon, North Moniteau, Otterville, Palestine, Pilot Grove, Prairie Home, Saline, South Moniteau.

Cooper County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Cooper County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Cooper County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Cooper County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Cooper County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Cooper County, MO Census Records

What Cooper County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Cooper County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Cooper Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Cooper Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Cooper Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Cooper Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Cooper County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Cooper County, MO?
A list of Cooper County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Cooper County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Cooper County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Cooper County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Cooper County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Cooper County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 200 Main Street, Boonville, MO 65233
  • Cooper County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 660-882-2161
    • Marriage Records: 1819 (including Index to marriage records, 1819-1973; Marriage records, 1819-1918; Negro/colored marriage records, 1865-1866) 
    • Land Records: 1819 (including Index to deeds, 1820-1895; Deed records, 1819-1906)
  • Cooper County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: 660-882-2232
    • Probate Records: 1819  (including Index to probate records, 1849-1900; Probate records, 1847-1887; Index to probate minutes, (no dates); Probate minutes, 1860-1903; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1819-1891; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1847-1887; Settlement records, 1880-1886; Will records, 1818-1918)
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1821 (including Index to circuit court records, 1821-1894; Circuit court records, 1821-1888)
  • Cooper County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: 660-882-2114
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883-94 (including Register of births and stillbirths, 1883-1894; Permanent record of births, 1883-1889; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1889; Index to common pleas, 1856-1859; Record of common pleas, 1856-1859; Chancery records, 1836-1854)
  • Cooper County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Where can I connect with other Cooper County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Cooper County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Cooper County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Cooper Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Cooper Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Cooper Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Cooper Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Cooper Co. MO General and History Websites

Cooper Co. MO Military Records

Cooper Co. MO Schools & Directories

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