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Cole County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Cole County, Missouri Facts

Cole County

When was Cole County, MO Created?
Cole County was created on November 16, 1820 from Cooper County (effective January 1, 1821). The county was named in honor of Jefferson City.

What is the County Seat of Cole County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Jefferson City and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Cole County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Boone County (north), Callaway County (northeast), Osage County (southeast), Miller County (southwest), Moniteau County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Cole County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Jefferson City, Centertown, St. Martins, Wardsville, Taos, Russellville, Lohman, St. Thomas.

Cole County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Cole County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Cole County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Cole County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Cole County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Cole County, MO Census Records

What Cole County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Cole County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Cole Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Cole Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Cole Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Cole Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Cole County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Cole County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Cole County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Cole County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Cole County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 311 E. High Street, Jefferson City, Missouri 65101
  • Cole County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 573-634-9115
    • Marriage Records: 1821 (including Index to marriage records, 1821-1919; Marriage records, 1821-1919; Application for marriage licenses, 1896-1903; Marriage licenses, 1821-1900) 
    • Land Records: 1821 (including Index to deeds, 1821-1895; Deed records, 1821-1888)
  • Cole County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (573)-634-9177
    • Probate Records: 1834  (including Index to probate records, 1871-1877; Probaterecords, 1834-1884; Index to probate proceedings, 1834-1887; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1857-1877; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1854-1891; Settlement records, 1875-1890; Will records, 1855-1926)
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1821 (including Index to circuit court records, 1821–1861 and 1870-1930; Circuit court records, 1821-1890)
  • Cole County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: 573 634-9101
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883-1906 (including Permanent record of births, 1883-1 906; Register of births, 1883-1906; Register of deaths, 1883-1906)
  • Cole County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Cole County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Cole County, MO?
A list of Cole County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Cole County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Cole County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Cole County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Cole Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Cole Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Cole Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Cole Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Cole Co. MO General and History Websites

Cole Co. MO Military Records

Cole Co. MO Schools & Directories

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